Efficacy and safety of endoscopic balloon dilation of symptomaticintestinal Crohn's disease strictures.

Mario Cottone, Luigi Maria Montalbano, Gennaro D'Amico

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

67 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

AbstractAIM: To evaluate prospectively the clinical efficacy and safety of endoscopic hydrostatic balloon dilation in a consecutive cohort of symptomatic intestinal Crohn's disease strictures.METHODS: Between September 2003 and December 2008 we performed endoscopic balloon dilations in 37 Crohn's disease patients with 39 intestinal symptomatic strictures (4 naïve and 35 postoperative). Dilations were performed using a Rigiflex through-the-scope balloon. Clinical success rate was claimed if a patient remained asymptomatic and did not require surgery or further endoscopic dilation, following technical success. Actuarial curves of clinical, endoscopic (redilation) and surgical recurrence were obtained by Kaplan-Meier method. Demographic and disease variables were related to the main outcomes.RESULTS: After a mean follow-up of 26.3 months (range, 2-61 months), the long-term global benefit rate was 89% (33/37). The 1-2-3 years cumulative symptom-free rates were respectively: 76%, 55% and 46%. Four patients were operated upon. Technical success predicts a lower rate of surgery. There were no complications related to the endoscopic procedures.CONCLUSIONS: Endoscopic balloon dilation of symptomatic Crohn's disease strictures may achieve clinical benefit in many patients and is a valid alternative to surgery in the management of the disease. Dilation may be repeated in recurrent intestinal obstructions and appears safe without morbidity.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)121-125
Numero di pagine5
RivistaDigestive and Liver Disease
Volume43
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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