Effects of diets supplemented with medicinal mushroom myceliated grains on some production, health, and oxidation traits of dairy ewes

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Abstract

The beneficial properties of mushrooms’ bioactive compounds indicate their potential for use as performance-enhancing natural additives for livestock animals. A study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of diets supplemented with mushroom myceliated grains (MMGs) fed to dairy ewes on intestinal parasite load, milk production, milk fatty acid (FA) composition, and cheese oxidative stability. During an 8-week experimental period, 21 lactating Valle del Belice ewes were divided into 3 groups named MMG20, MMG10, and MMG0. Ewes in each group were fed hay ad libitum and 1.3 kg/day/head of 1 of 3 concentrates with MMGs at 20% (MMG20), 10% (MMG10), or 0% (MMG0). The ewes fed MMG20 had comparable dry matter (DM) and nutrients intake, fewer intestinal parasite infections, a tendency toward higher milk yield, and higher milk casein content (4.78% in MMG20 vs. 4.32% in MMG10 and 4.27% in MMG0; P < 0.05), and they produced cheese with less intense yellow color and a lower secondary lipid oxidation, than the ewes in the MMG10 and MMG0 groups. A higher antioxidant capacity was observed (17.83 mmol Trolox equivalent/kg DM in the MMG20 group vs. 9.97 and 9.18 mmol Trolox equivalent/kg DM in the MMG10 and MMG0 groups, respectively; P < 0.001), suggesting a higher oxidative stability of cheese fat and a probable enrichment of cheese with antioxidant compounds inherent in or induced by MMGs. The inclusion of MMGs in the diet did not affect the amounts of health-promoting polyunsaturated FAs in milk, with the exception of n-3 eicosapentaenoic acid, which was found only in milk from the MMG-treated ewes. These promising results merit further investigation into the potential use of medicinal mushrooms to enhance animal health and production.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)89-103
Numero di pagine15
RivistaInternational Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Volume21
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2019

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Agaricales
Milk
Diet
Cheese
Health
Antioxidants
Parasite Load
Parasitic Diseases
Eicosapentaenoic Acid
Livestock
Caseins
Fatty Acids
Color
Fats
Head
Lipids
Food

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery

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title = "Effects of diets supplemented with medicinal mushroom myceliated grains on some production, health, and oxidation traits of dairy ewes",
abstract = "The beneficial properties of mushrooms’ bioactive compounds indicate their potential for use as performance-enhancing natural additives for livestock animals. A study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of diets supplemented with mushroom myceliated grains (MMGs) fed to dairy ewes on intestinal parasite load, milk production, milk fatty acid (FA) composition, and cheese oxidative stability. During an 8-week experimental period, 21 lactating Valle del Belice ewes were divided into 3 groups named MMG20, MMG10, and MMG0. Ewes in each group were fed hay ad libitum and 1.3 kg/day/head of 1 of 3 concentrates with MMGs at 20{\%} (MMG20), 10{\%} (MMG10), or 0{\%} (MMG0). The ewes fed MMG20 had comparable dry matter (DM) and nutrients intake, fewer intestinal parasite infections, a tendency toward higher milk yield, and higher milk casein content (4.78{\%} in MMG20 vs. 4.32{\%} in MMG10 and 4.27{\%} in MMG0; P < 0.05), and they produced cheese with less intense yellow color and a lower secondary lipid oxidation, than the ewes in the MMG10 and MMG0 groups. A higher antioxidant capacity was observed (17.83 mmol Trolox equivalent/kg DM in the MMG20 group vs. 9.97 and 9.18 mmol Trolox equivalent/kg DM in the MMG10 and MMG0 groups, respectively; P < 0.001), suggesting a higher oxidative stability of cheese fat and a probable enrichment of cheese with antioxidant compounds inherent in or induced by MMGs. The inclusion of MMGs in the diet did not affect the amounts of health-promoting polyunsaturated FAs in milk, with the exception of n-3 eicosapentaenoic acid, which was found only in milk from the MMG-treated ewes. These promising results merit further investigation into the potential use of medicinal mushrooms to enhance animal health and production.",
keywords = "Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Cheese oxidative stability, Drug Discovery3003 Pharmaceutical Science, Ewes, Fatty acids, Fungus myceliated grains, Intestinal parasite control, Medicinal mushrooms, Milk, Pharmacology",
author = "Massimo Todaro and Giuseppe Venturella and {Di Grigoli}, Antonino and Adriana Bonanno and Gargano, {Maria Letizia} and {Di Miceli}, Giuseppe and Francesca Vitale and Marco Alabiso and Anike, {Felicia Ngozi} and Isikhuemhen, {Omoanghe Samuel}",
year = "2019",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "89--103",
journal = "International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms",
issn = "1521-9437",
publisher = "Begell House Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of diets supplemented with medicinal mushroom myceliated grains on some production, health, and oxidation traits of dairy ewes

AU - Todaro, Massimo

AU - Venturella, Giuseppe

AU - Di Grigoli, Antonino

AU - Bonanno, Adriana

AU - Gargano, Maria Letizia

AU - Di Miceli, Giuseppe

AU - Vitale, Francesca

AU - Alabiso, Marco

AU - Anike, Felicia Ngozi

AU - Isikhuemhen, Omoanghe Samuel

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - The beneficial properties of mushrooms’ bioactive compounds indicate their potential for use as performance-enhancing natural additives for livestock animals. A study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of diets supplemented with mushroom myceliated grains (MMGs) fed to dairy ewes on intestinal parasite load, milk production, milk fatty acid (FA) composition, and cheese oxidative stability. During an 8-week experimental period, 21 lactating Valle del Belice ewes were divided into 3 groups named MMG20, MMG10, and MMG0. Ewes in each group were fed hay ad libitum and 1.3 kg/day/head of 1 of 3 concentrates with MMGs at 20% (MMG20), 10% (MMG10), or 0% (MMG0). The ewes fed MMG20 had comparable dry matter (DM) and nutrients intake, fewer intestinal parasite infections, a tendency toward higher milk yield, and higher milk casein content (4.78% in MMG20 vs. 4.32% in MMG10 and 4.27% in MMG0; P < 0.05), and they produced cheese with less intense yellow color and a lower secondary lipid oxidation, than the ewes in the MMG10 and MMG0 groups. A higher antioxidant capacity was observed (17.83 mmol Trolox equivalent/kg DM in the MMG20 group vs. 9.97 and 9.18 mmol Trolox equivalent/kg DM in the MMG10 and MMG0 groups, respectively; P < 0.001), suggesting a higher oxidative stability of cheese fat and a probable enrichment of cheese with antioxidant compounds inherent in or induced by MMGs. The inclusion of MMGs in the diet did not affect the amounts of health-promoting polyunsaturated FAs in milk, with the exception of n-3 eicosapentaenoic acid, which was found only in milk from the MMG-treated ewes. These promising results merit further investigation into the potential use of medicinal mushrooms to enhance animal health and production.

AB - The beneficial properties of mushrooms’ bioactive compounds indicate their potential for use as performance-enhancing natural additives for livestock animals. A study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of diets supplemented with mushroom myceliated grains (MMGs) fed to dairy ewes on intestinal parasite load, milk production, milk fatty acid (FA) composition, and cheese oxidative stability. During an 8-week experimental period, 21 lactating Valle del Belice ewes were divided into 3 groups named MMG20, MMG10, and MMG0. Ewes in each group were fed hay ad libitum and 1.3 kg/day/head of 1 of 3 concentrates with MMGs at 20% (MMG20), 10% (MMG10), or 0% (MMG0). The ewes fed MMG20 had comparable dry matter (DM) and nutrients intake, fewer intestinal parasite infections, a tendency toward higher milk yield, and higher milk casein content (4.78% in MMG20 vs. 4.32% in MMG10 and 4.27% in MMG0; P < 0.05), and they produced cheese with less intense yellow color and a lower secondary lipid oxidation, than the ewes in the MMG10 and MMG0 groups. A higher antioxidant capacity was observed (17.83 mmol Trolox equivalent/kg DM in the MMG20 group vs. 9.97 and 9.18 mmol Trolox equivalent/kg DM in the MMG10 and MMG0 groups, respectively; P < 0.001), suggesting a higher oxidative stability of cheese fat and a probable enrichment of cheese with antioxidant compounds inherent in or induced by MMGs. The inclusion of MMGs in the diet did not affect the amounts of health-promoting polyunsaturated FAs in milk, with the exception of n-3 eicosapentaenoic acid, which was found only in milk from the MMG-treated ewes. These promising results merit further investigation into the potential use of medicinal mushrooms to enhance animal health and production.

KW - Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

KW - Cheese oxidative stability

KW - Drug Discovery3003 Pharmaceutical Science

KW - Ewes

KW - Fatty acids

KW - Fungus myceliated grains

KW - Intestinal parasite control

KW - Medicinal mushrooms

KW - Milk

KW - Pharmacology

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/348580

UR - http://dl.begellhouse.com/download/article/6184d74e00136574/9_IJM2011-09-29327%20revised%20proof%203.pdf

M3 - Article

VL - 21

SP - 89

EP - 103

JO - International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

JF - International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

SN - 1521-9437

ER -