Effect of desquamative gingivitis on periodontal status: a pilot study

Giuseppe Pizzo, Giuseppina Campisi, Rosario Guiglia, Ciavarella, Fierro, Lo Russo, Lorenzo Lo Muzio, L. Lo Lo Muzio

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

29 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Desquamative gingivitis (DG) representsthe gingival manifestation associated with several mucocutaneous disorders and systemic conditions. Little is known of whether or not DG could influence the onset or progression of plaque-related periodontitis. In this study, the potential impact of DG on plaque-related attachment loss and pocket formation has been evaluated.METHODS: A cross-sectional evaluation of 12 patientswith DG [eight oral lichen planus (OLP), four mucousmembrane pemphigoid (MMP)], never treated for DGlesions or plaque-related periodontitis, was carried out.Probing depth (PD), clinical attachment loss (CAL), fullmouth plaque (FMPS), and bleeding (FMBS) scores wereevaluated at six sites per tooth. Clinical parameters ofsites with DG lesions were compared with that of DGunaffected sites.RESULTS: Median PD and CAL, as well as FMPS andFMBS, were not significantly different (P > 0.05 Mann–Whitney test) for both OLP and MMP patients. However,a negative association between DG lesions andPD < 4 mm (OLP: OR = 0.26; MMP: OR = 0.47), and apositive association with PD 4–6 mm (OLP: OR = 3.76;MMP: OR = 2.68) and with PD > 6 mm (only for OLP:OR = 3.83) were found to be significant.CONCLUSIONS: The potential interference betweenDG lesions and periodontitis needs further prospectiveinvestigation; nonetheless, a higher level of attentionmight be prudent
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)102-107
Numero di pagine6
RivistaOral Diseases
Volume16
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Otorhinolaryngology
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