Effect of 2,4-D and 4-CPPU on somatic embryogenesis from stigma and style transverse thin cell layers of Citrus

Maurizio Sajeva, Francesco Carimi, Fabio De Pasquale, Stefania Fiore

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Abstract

Callus induction, somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration were obtained in lemon [Citrus limon (L.) Burm. cv `Femminello'] and sweet orange [C. sinensis (L.) Osb. cv `Washington Navel GS'] from cultures of stigma and style transverse thin cell layer explants [(t)TCLs]. Explants were cultured on 16 different media, based on the nutrients and vitamins of Murashige and Tucker medium (MT) supplemented with different combinations of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and N-(2-chloro-4-pyridyl)-Nprime-phenylurea (4-CPPU). Sucrose (146 mM) was used as the sole carbon source. Somatic embryos arose from callus at the surface of stigma and style (t)TCLs 3–5 months after culture initiation of both sweet orange and lemon. The percentages of embryo formation from style (t)TCLs ranged from 0% (the media containing 2,4-D) to 16.0% (the medium supplemented with 4 mgrM 4-CPPU) for C. limon. Better results were obtained when stigma (t)TCLs from C. limon were used; in fact, percentages ranged from 0% on the media containing 2,4-D, with the only exception for the medium supplemented with 0.4 mgrM 2,4-D, to 24.8% on medium with 4 mgrM 4-CPPU. The embryogenic response of lemon (t)TCLs was usually higher than for sweet orange (t)TCLs. After about 3 months, somatic embryos developed into plantlets at high frequencies ranging from 53% to 75% for sweet orange and lemon style derived embryos, respectively.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)57-63
Numero di pagine7
RivistaPLANT CELL TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE
Volume68
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2002

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Horticulture

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