Economics of Knowledge and Emergent Qualitative Changes The traditional economics has its barycentre on the static equilibrium and on the allocation of the scarce resources for alternative uses, on the linear rationality. The economics of knowledge founds instead, upon a reflexive rationality, that has a long run, that acts as dynamic force does not management inside the usual trade-off of resources. The economics of knowledge and the real economy are changing deeply, the subjectivities that are compared through the market and in institutions they become less impersonal and less deterministic. Persons are entrusted less to the automatism of machines or organizational and they discover the requirement of being directly involved in the choices with their intelligence and their capabilities to plan, to discover, to assume risks and to enhance ways that are not predetermined.The conveniences, calculated by people and compared by market, can notably develop, if there is a joined benefit at personal and social level. Persons replace individuals and they don't operate in an abstract space anymore; contrarily their job is lent in personal nets and in social connection. The economics of knowledge considers economy a system that does not produce deterministic surplus, but to varying geometry, in relationship to the initiatives, that are not prefixed. of employment of available knowledge and those that is possible to conceive, to create through the experience of people. The factors that allow to turn knowledge into value are fundamentally three: 1) the effectiveness; 2) the numerousness of the uses; 3) the appropriability of the results of the cognitive job. They notice, within the knowledge economy, six great qualitative changes in comparison to the economy of the energy (what has dominated the industrial economy), that constitute some emergencies, that are: 1) a new regime of ownership of the productive resources; 2) an active role of the territories, in the increase of the useful knowledge on development; 3) a different role of people, both in production and in consumption; 4) a new conception of the time; 5) an imposing flow of externality, of discontinuity and asymmetries, that appear during the propagation of knowledge; 6) the emerge some complexity in the construction of the economic and social world of post-modern (or the second modernity). The objective of this research is to investigate on such emergencies on which it is not succeeded in taking well the measures yet. There are problems, concerning intellectual property rights and the privatization of knowledge; problems of control and fragmentation of knowledge.
|Numero di pagine||20|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2013|