Albino Grifola frondosa (Dicks.) Gray “maitake” mushrooms (described as G. albicans Imazeki and then placed in synonymy with G. frondosa) are particularly rare, and the few pertinent records are not treated in scientific publications. A field investigation carried out in Sicily (Italy) led to the collection of an unusual white Grifola specimen at the base of a living tree of Quercus pubescens Willd. s.l. The outcome of sequencing the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of nuclear ribosomal DNA (nrDNA) indicated that it belongs to G. frondosa and provided an insight to the phylogenetic relationships within the genus. The results of nutritional composition analysis showed that the albino basidioma possesses relatively high contents of Ca, Fe, K, and Cu and is rather low in Na when compared with literature data on edible mushrooms. Vitamin (B1, B2, B3, B5, B9, and D2) contents ranged from 0.15 to 3.89 mg per 100 g of mushroom dry weight. The cold-waterextract of this specimen was effctive at inhibiting the growth of Staphylococcus epidermidis ATCC12228 and Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 15442 at the maximum screening concentration of 50% v/v.In addition, the extract slowed down the ability of Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 43300 to form biofilms.According to data hereby reported, the albino G. frondosa is a culinary-medicinal mushroom with a promising exploitation potential.
|Numero di pagine||12|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2020|
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