Dynamics of non-local systems handled by fractional calculus

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Mechanical vibrations of non-local systems with long-range, cohesive, interactions between material particleshave been studied in this paper by means of fractional calculus. Long-range cohesive forces between material particles havebeen included in equilibrium equations assuming interaction distance decay with order α . This approach yields as limitingcase a partial fractional differential equation of order α involving space-time variables. It has been shown that the proposedmodel may be obtained by a discrete, mass-spring model that includes non-local interactions by non-adjacent particles and themechanical vibrations of the particles have been obtained by an approximation fractional finite difference scheme alreadyused for static analysis. Modal shapes and natural frequency of the non-local systems may then be obtained from the proposedmodel with boundary conditions coalescing with classical mechanics boundary conditions and solution obtained with theproposed model is capable to capture local characters as particular case of the real coefficient α . Numerical applicationsreported show a remarkable non-local feature of the state variables of the analyzed system.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine10
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2007


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