Dynamic properties of solvent confined in silica gels studied by broadband dielectric spectroscopy

Antonio Cupane, Giorgio Schiro', Sara E. Pagnotta, Fabio Bruni

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Abstract

We report the results of a broadband (10−2–107 Hz) dielectric spectroscopy study on a solvent system (glycerol–water solution) confined in a porous silica matrix. The dielectric relaxation of the system is studied as a function of both temperature (120–280 K) and solvent composition (0–36 glycerol molar percentage), at constant matrix composition. Our data show that glycerol–water systems confined inside silica gel are characterized by a very complex dynamics quite different from that observed in solution, thus indicating that confinement may deeply modify solvent dynamics. Indeed in addition to the relaxation processes similar to those occurring in bulk samples, new dielectric relaxations are detected: two non-collective relaxations, attributed to water molecules strongly interacting with pore surfaces and to the glycerol trapped within the matrix structure, respectively; a relaxation in the glycerol free sample (and in samples at very low glycerol content) almost coincident with that observed in other different confinement conditions and governed by geometrical confinement per se. Moreover, at high glycerol content we observe two non-Arrhenius processes at least 4 order of magnitude slower than solution-like main relaxation; at low glycerol content the two above relaxations merge and show a fragile to strong transition at about 200 K.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)4546-4551
Numero di pagine6
RivistaJournal of Non-Crystalline Solids
Volume353
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Cita questo

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title = "Dynamic properties of solvent confined in silica gels studied by broadband dielectric spectroscopy",
abstract = "We report the results of a broadband (10−2–107 Hz) dielectric spectroscopy study on a solvent system (glycerol–water solution) confined in a porous silica matrix. The dielectric relaxation of the system is studied as a function of both temperature (120–280 K) and solvent composition (0–36 glycerol molar percentage), at constant matrix composition. Our data show that glycerol–water systems confined inside silica gel are characterized by a very complex dynamics quite different from that observed in solution, thus indicating that confinement may deeply modify solvent dynamics. Indeed in addition to the relaxation processes similar to those occurring in bulk samples, new dielectric relaxations are detected: two non-collective relaxations, attributed to water molecules strongly interacting with pore surfaces and to the glycerol trapped within the matrix structure, respectively; a relaxation in the glycerol free sample (and in samples at very low glycerol content) almost coincident with that observed in other different confinement conditions and governed by geometrical confinement per se. Moreover, at high glycerol content we observe two non-Arrhenius processes at least 4 order of magnitude slower than solution-like main relaxation; at low glycerol content the two above relaxations merge and show a fragile to strong transition at about 200 K.",
author = "Antonio Cupane and Giorgio Schiro' and Pagnotta, {Sara E.} and Fabio Bruni",
year = "2007",
language = "English",
volume = "353",
pages = "4546--4551",
journal = "Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids",
issn = "0022-3093",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Dynamic properties of solvent confined in silica gels studied by broadband dielectric spectroscopy

AU - Cupane, Antonio

AU - Schiro', Giorgio

AU - Pagnotta, Sara E.

AU - Bruni, Fabio

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - We report the results of a broadband (10−2–107 Hz) dielectric spectroscopy study on a solvent system (glycerol–water solution) confined in a porous silica matrix. The dielectric relaxation of the system is studied as a function of both temperature (120–280 K) and solvent composition (0–36 glycerol molar percentage), at constant matrix composition. Our data show that glycerol–water systems confined inside silica gel are characterized by a very complex dynamics quite different from that observed in solution, thus indicating that confinement may deeply modify solvent dynamics. Indeed in addition to the relaxation processes similar to those occurring in bulk samples, new dielectric relaxations are detected: two non-collective relaxations, attributed to water molecules strongly interacting with pore surfaces and to the glycerol trapped within the matrix structure, respectively; a relaxation in the glycerol free sample (and in samples at very low glycerol content) almost coincident with that observed in other different confinement conditions and governed by geometrical confinement per se. Moreover, at high glycerol content we observe two non-Arrhenius processes at least 4 order of magnitude slower than solution-like main relaxation; at low glycerol content the two above relaxations merge and show a fragile to strong transition at about 200 K.

AB - We report the results of a broadband (10−2–107 Hz) dielectric spectroscopy study on a solvent system (glycerol–water solution) confined in a porous silica matrix. The dielectric relaxation of the system is studied as a function of both temperature (120–280 K) and solvent composition (0–36 glycerol molar percentage), at constant matrix composition. Our data show that glycerol–water systems confined inside silica gel are characterized by a very complex dynamics quite different from that observed in solution, thus indicating that confinement may deeply modify solvent dynamics. Indeed in addition to the relaxation processes similar to those occurring in bulk samples, new dielectric relaxations are detected: two non-collective relaxations, attributed to water molecules strongly interacting with pore surfaces and to the glycerol trapped within the matrix structure, respectively; a relaxation in the glycerol free sample (and in samples at very low glycerol content) almost coincident with that observed in other different confinement conditions and governed by geometrical confinement per se. Moreover, at high glycerol content we observe two non-Arrhenius processes at least 4 order of magnitude slower than solution-like main relaxation; at low glycerol content the two above relaxations merge and show a fragile to strong transition at about 200 K.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/4546

M3 - Article

VL - 353

SP - 4546

EP - 4551

JO - Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids

JF - Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids

SN - 0022-3093

ER -