Double Negative (CD19+IgG+IgD-CD27-) B Lymphocytes: A New Insight from Telomerase in Healthy Elderly, in Centenarian Offspring, and in Alzheimer’s Disease Patients

Bulati, M; Azzarello, Dm

Risultato della ricerca: Paper

15 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: We have previously reported the increase of IgD-CD27- (Double Negative, DN) B cell population in the aged. These memory B cells have short telomeres and poor abilities to proliferate in vitro. Here, we investigated whether the low ability of DN B cells to proliferate depends on the expression levels of the CD307d and CD22 inhibitory receptors or whether DN B cells can proliferate and reactivate telomerase by the engagement of both innate and adaptive immune receptors. Methods: Phenotypic analyses were made by using flow cytometry. Quantitative analysis of telomerase activity was made by using a TRAP and a photometric enzyme immunoassay in young, healthy elderly, centenarian offspring (CO), and Alzheimer’s disease patients (AD). Results: We show that CD307d and CD22 expression levels are not related with the different ability of DN to be activated in the young and elderly. Moreover, CpG/α-IgG/α-CD40 (and not CpG or α-IgG/α-CD40) stimulation induces DN B cell proliferation in both young and elderly subjects. Furthermore, DN B cell telomerase activity in young, elderly, CO and AD patients, mirrors the age and health status of the subjects studied. Indeed, young donors show the highest levels of RTA, whereas AD patients the lowest. Healthy elderly and CO show lower levels than young, with a slight increase of activity in CO vs. elderly. Conclusions: Our present data add new information to our knowledge of DN B cells during aging. We demonstrate that the low ability of DN cells to proliferate depends on RTA and not on the expression of inhibitory receptors.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2014

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Immunoglobulin D
Telomerase
Alzheimer Disease
Aptitude
B-Lymphocytes
Immunoglobulin G
Cell Aging
Telomere
Immunoenzyme Techniques
Health Status
Flow Cytometry
Cell Proliferation
Tissue Donors
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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@conference{9c12dbed460341f2a3c4ba25d72284d7,
title = "Double Negative (CD19+IgG+IgD-CD27-) B Lymphocytes: A New Insight from Telomerase in Healthy Elderly, in Centenarian Offspring, and in Alzheimer’s Disease Patients",
abstract = "Background: We have previously reported the increase of IgD-CD27- (Double Negative, DN) B cell population in the aged. These memory B cells have short telomeres and poor abilities to proliferate in vitro. Here, we investigated whether the low ability of DN B cells to proliferate depends on the expression levels of the CD307d and CD22 inhibitory receptors or whether DN B cells can proliferate and reactivate telomerase by the engagement of both innate and adaptive immune receptors. Methods: Phenotypic analyses were made by using flow cytometry. Quantitative analysis of telomerase activity was made by using a TRAP and a photometric enzyme immunoassay in young, healthy elderly, centenarian offspring (CO), and Alzheimer’s disease patients (AD). Results: We show that CD307d and CD22 expression levels are not related with the different ability of DN to be activated in the young and elderly. Moreover, CpG/α-IgG/α-CD40 (and not CpG or α-IgG/α-CD40) stimulation induces DN B cell proliferation in both young and elderly subjects. Furthermore, DN B cell telomerase activity in young, elderly, CO and AD patients, mirrors the age and health status of the subjects studied. Indeed, young donors show the highest levels of RTA, whereas AD patients the lowest. Healthy elderly and CO show lower levels than young, with a slight increase of activity in CO vs. elderly. Conclusions: Our present data add new information to our knowledge of DN B cells during aging. We demonstrate that the low ability of DN cells to proliferate depends on RTA and not on the expression of inhibitory receptors.",
author = "{Bulati, M; Azzarello, Dm} and Calogero Caruso and {Colonna Romano}, Giuseppina and Cecilia Camarda and Balistreri, {Carmela Rita} and Silvio Buffa and Roberto Monastero and Adriana Martorana",
year = "2014",
language = "English",

}

TY - CONF

T1 - Double Negative (CD19+IgG+IgD-CD27-) B Lymphocytes: A New Insight from Telomerase in Healthy Elderly, in Centenarian Offspring, and in Alzheimer’s Disease Patients

AU - Bulati, M; Azzarello, Dm

AU - Caruso, Calogero

AU - Colonna Romano, Giuseppina

AU - Camarda, Cecilia

AU - Balistreri, Carmela Rita

AU - Buffa, Silvio

AU - Monastero, Roberto

AU - Martorana, Adriana

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Background: We have previously reported the increase of IgD-CD27- (Double Negative, DN) B cell population in the aged. These memory B cells have short telomeres and poor abilities to proliferate in vitro. Here, we investigated whether the low ability of DN B cells to proliferate depends on the expression levels of the CD307d and CD22 inhibitory receptors or whether DN B cells can proliferate and reactivate telomerase by the engagement of both innate and adaptive immune receptors. Methods: Phenotypic analyses were made by using flow cytometry. Quantitative analysis of telomerase activity was made by using a TRAP and a photometric enzyme immunoassay in young, healthy elderly, centenarian offspring (CO), and Alzheimer’s disease patients (AD). Results: We show that CD307d and CD22 expression levels are not related with the different ability of DN to be activated in the young and elderly. Moreover, CpG/α-IgG/α-CD40 (and not CpG or α-IgG/α-CD40) stimulation induces DN B cell proliferation in both young and elderly subjects. Furthermore, DN B cell telomerase activity in young, elderly, CO and AD patients, mirrors the age and health status of the subjects studied. Indeed, young donors show the highest levels of RTA, whereas AD patients the lowest. Healthy elderly and CO show lower levels than young, with a slight increase of activity in CO vs. elderly. Conclusions: Our present data add new information to our knowledge of DN B cells during aging. We demonstrate that the low ability of DN cells to proliferate depends on RTA and not on the expression of inhibitory receptors.

AB - Background: We have previously reported the increase of IgD-CD27- (Double Negative, DN) B cell population in the aged. These memory B cells have short telomeres and poor abilities to proliferate in vitro. Here, we investigated whether the low ability of DN B cells to proliferate depends on the expression levels of the CD307d and CD22 inhibitory receptors or whether DN B cells can proliferate and reactivate telomerase by the engagement of both innate and adaptive immune receptors. Methods: Phenotypic analyses were made by using flow cytometry. Quantitative analysis of telomerase activity was made by using a TRAP and a photometric enzyme immunoassay in young, healthy elderly, centenarian offspring (CO), and Alzheimer’s disease patients (AD). Results: We show that CD307d and CD22 expression levels are not related with the different ability of DN to be activated in the young and elderly. Moreover, CpG/α-IgG/α-CD40 (and not CpG or α-IgG/α-CD40) stimulation induces DN B cell proliferation in both young and elderly subjects. Furthermore, DN B cell telomerase activity in young, elderly, CO and AD patients, mirrors the age and health status of the subjects studied. Indeed, young donors show the highest levels of RTA, whereas AD patients the lowest. Healthy elderly and CO show lower levels than young, with a slight increase of activity in CO vs. elderly. Conclusions: Our present data add new information to our knowledge of DN B cells during aging. We demonstrate that the low ability of DN cells to proliferate depends on RTA and not on the expression of inhibitory receptors.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/99601

M3 - Paper

ER -