Abstract BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Moderate red wine consumption associates with lower incidence of cardiovascular diseases. Attention to the source of this cardioprotection was focused on flavonoids, the non-alcoholic component of the red wine, whose intake inversely correlates with adverse cardiovascular events. We analysed whether two red wine flavonoids, quercetin and myricetin, affect mammalian basal myocardial and coronary function. METHODS AND RESULTS: Quercetin and myricetin effects were evaluated on isolated and Langendorff perfused rat hearts under both basal conditions and alpha- and beta-adrenergic stimulation. The intracellular signalling involved in the effects of these flavonoids was analysed on perfused hearts and by western blotting on cardiac and HUVEC extracts. Quercetin induced biphasic inotropic and lusitropic effects, positive at lower concentrations and negative at higher concentrations. Contrarily, Myricetin elicits coronary dilation, without affecting contractility and relaxation. Simultaneous administration of the two flavonoids only induced vasodilation. Quercetin-elicited positive inotropism and lusitropism depend on beta1/beta2-adrenergic receptors and associate with increased intracellular cAMP, while the negative inotropism and lusitropism observed at higher concentrations were alpha-adrenergic-dependent. NOS inhibition abolished Myricetin-elicited vasodilation, also inducing Akt, ERK1/2 and eNOS phosphorylation in both ventricles and HUVEC. Myricetin-dependent vasodilation increases intracellular cGMP and is abolished by triton X-100. CONCLUSIONS: The cardiomodulation elicited on basal mechanical performance by quercetin and the selective vasodilation induced by myricetin point to these flavonoids as potent cardioactive principles, able to protect the heart in the presence of cardiovascular diseases.
|Numero di pagine||10|
|Rivista||NMCD. NUTRITION METABOLISM AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2010|
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