Direct observation of alpha-lactalbumin, adsorption and incorporation into lipid membrane and formation of lipid/protein hybrid structures

Risultato della ricerca: Article

2 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

The interaction between proteins and membranes is of great interest in biomedical and biotechnological research for its implication in many functional and dysfunctional processes. We present an experimental study on the interaction between model membranes and alpha-lactalbumin (α-La). α-La is widely studied for both its biological function and its anti-tumoral properties. We use advanced fluorescence microscopy and spectroscopy techniques to characterize α-La-membrane mechanisms of interaction and α-La-induced modifications of membranes when insertion of partially disordered regions of protein chains in the lipid bilayer is favored. Moreover, using fluorescence lifetime imaging, we are able to distinguish between protein adsorption and insertion in the membranes. Our results indicate that, upon addition of α-La to giant vesicles samples, protein is inserted into the lipid bilayer with rates that are concentration-dependent. The formation of heterogeneous hybrid protein-lipid co-aggregates, paralleled with protein conformational and structural changes, alters the membrane structure and morphology, leading to an increase in membrane fluidity.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)-
Numero di pagine10
RivistaBIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-GENERAL SUBJECTS
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry

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