Diarylethenes in Optically Switchable Organic Light‐Emitting Diodes: Direct Investigation of the Reversible Charge Carrier Trapping Process

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

Abstract

The design, fabrication, and characterization of optically switchable organic light-emitting diodes (OSOLEDs) based on the combination of the commercially available light-emitting polymer poly(9,9′-dioctylfluorene-alt-benzothiadiazole), F8BT, doped with a diarylethene derivative is reported. The photochromic activity of the dopant in the solid state has been investigated both via UV/vis absorption and photoluminescence spectroscopy, whereas the morphology of different blends is investigated via atomic force microscopy. OSOLEDs embedding dopant loadings of 1, 5, and 10 wt% exhibit optical responsivity with a maximum reversible optical threshold voltage shift of 4 V. The best performing devices containing 5 wt% dopant show a maximum current density and luminance ON/OFF ratio of ≈20 and ≈90, respectively. For the first time, the impact of the diarylethene isomerization on hole and electron transport has been decoupled and directly investigated, via the design, fabrication, and characterization of single-carrier switchable devices based on the same blends. Not only do these results confirm the photo-responsive trapping activity of the diarylethenes on both charge carriers, but they also demonstrate its asymmetry, with a predominant effect on electron transport that is over 3.4 times larger as compared to hole transport.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine8
RivistaAdvanced Optical Materials
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2021

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