Development and validation of a scale to measure caregivers skills in eating disorders

Laura Salerno, Gianluca Lo Coco, Nadia Micali, Pamela Macdonald, Iain Campbell, Elizabeth Goddard, Rebecca Hibbs, Charlotte Rhind, Simon Gowers, Jennifer Beecham, Janet Treasure, Gillian Todd, Ulrike Schmidt

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

16 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to develop and validate a new ques- tionnaire designed to measure caregiver skills that, in line with the interperso- nal component of the cognitive inter- personal maintenance model (Schmidt and Treasure, J Br J Clin Psychol, 45, 343–366, 2006), may be helpful in the support of people with anorexia nerv- osa (AN). A further aim is to assess whether this scale is sensitive to change following skills-based caregiver interventions.Method: The Caregiver Skills (CASK) scale was developed by a group of clinicians and caregivers. Preliminary versions of the scale devised for both caregivers and parents were given at baseline and at follow-up after two studies of caregiver interventions (a clinical trial of the effec- tiveness of guided self-help and training workshops). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) were used to test the factorial structure of the CASK scale. Cron- bach’s alpha was used to measure inter- nal consistency of the CASK scales.Results: Exploratory Factor Analysis sug- gested a six component solution (Bigger Picture, Self-Care, Biting-Your-Tongue, Insight and Acceptance, Emotional Intelli- gence and Frustration Tolerance) and this model was confirmed with CFA. Signifi- cant clinically relevant correlations were found between the CASK scales and other standardised measures of caregiv- ers’ attitudes and behaviours. Further- more, greater improvements on abilities measured by the CASK scale were found in caregivers who received skills-training than caregivers assigned to a ‘treatment as usual’ condition.Discussion: The CASK scale is a measure of the fidelity of interventions based on the cognitive interpersonal maintenance model and is sensitive to the intensity of the intervention provided.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)290-297
Numero di pagine8
RivistaInternational Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume48
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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