Devaluation towards people with schizophrenia in Italian medical, nursing, and psychology students

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Abstract

Introduction Discrimination towards people with schizophrenia(PWS) by healthcare professionals is responsible of underdiagnosisand undertreatment of these patients. Negative attitudes towardPSW in health care professionals tend to be present since their universitystudies and are related to their knowledge and experienceabout the disease.Objectives and aims To assess opinion towards PSW in medical,nursing and psychology students and to investigate the relationwith their knowledge of schizophrenia and its causes.Methods The study involved 133 medical, 200 nursing and 296psychology undergraduate students. The opinion on mental illnessquestionnaire, the Devaluation Consumers Scale, and the Devaluationof Consumer Families Scale were administered to the sample.ANOVA and ANCOVA were used to test differences between groupsand the relation between causal explanation of schizophrenia anddiscrimination towards PWS.Results Psychology students were more aware than the otherstudent of public stigma towards PWS and their families (F 12.57,P < 0.001; F 32.69, P < 0.001) and expressed a more positive view ontreatments’ effectiveness (F 30.74, P < 0.001). Psychology (OR 0.48,95% CI 0.26–0.88) and nursing (OR 0.29, 95% CI 0.15–0.55) studentswere more likely to identify psychological and social risk factors asmore frequent causes of schizophrenia (vs. biogenetics) and these,in turn, were related to a better opinion towards social equality ofPWS.Conclusions These preliminary findings underline the relevanceof biopsychosocial model of schizophrenia within stigmareductionprograms for health science students.
Lingua originaleEnglish
PagineS280-S281
Numero di pagine2
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2017

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Medical Psychology
Nursing Students
Schizophrenia
Students
Psychology
Nursing
Delivery of Health Care
Analysis of Variance
Health

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title = "Devaluation towards people with schizophrenia in Italian medical, nursing, and psychology students",
abstract = "Introduction Discrimination towards people with schizophrenia(PWS) by healthcare professionals is responsible of underdiagnosisand undertreatment of these patients. Negative attitudes towardPSW in health care professionals tend to be present since their universitystudies and are related to their knowledge and experienceabout the disease.Objectives and aims To assess opinion towards PSW in medical,nursing and psychology students and to investigate the relationwith their knowledge of schizophrenia and its causes.Methods The study involved 133 medical, 200 nursing and 296psychology undergraduate students. The opinion on mental illnessquestionnaire, the Devaluation Consumers Scale, and the Devaluationof Consumer Families Scale were administered to the sample.ANOVA and ANCOVA were used to test differences between groupsand the relation between causal explanation of schizophrenia anddiscrimination towards PWS.Results Psychology students were more aware than the otherstudent of public stigma towards PWS and their families (F 12.57,P < 0.001; F 32.69, P < 0.001) and expressed a more positive view ontreatments’ effectiveness (F 30.74, P < 0.001). Psychology (OR 0.48,95{\%} CI 0.26–0.88) and nursing (OR 0.29, 95{\%} CI 0.15–0.55) studentswere more likely to identify psychological and social risk factors asmore frequent causes of schizophrenia (vs. biogenetics) and these,in turn, were related to a better opinion towards social equality ofPWS.Conclusions These preliminary findings underline the relevanceof biopsychosocial model of schizophrenia within stigmareductionprograms for health science students.",
author = "{La Barbera}, Daniele and {La Cascia}, Caterina and Fabio Seminerio and Lucia Sideli",
year = "2017",
language = "English",
pages = "S280--S281",

}

TY - CONF

T1 - Devaluation towards people with schizophrenia in Italian medical, nursing, and psychology students

AU - La Barbera, Daniele

AU - La Cascia, Caterina

AU - Seminerio, Fabio

AU - Sideli, Lucia

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Introduction Discrimination towards people with schizophrenia(PWS) by healthcare professionals is responsible of underdiagnosisand undertreatment of these patients. Negative attitudes towardPSW in health care professionals tend to be present since their universitystudies and are related to their knowledge and experienceabout the disease.Objectives and aims To assess opinion towards PSW in medical,nursing and psychology students and to investigate the relationwith their knowledge of schizophrenia and its causes.Methods The study involved 133 medical, 200 nursing and 296psychology undergraduate students. The opinion on mental illnessquestionnaire, the Devaluation Consumers Scale, and the Devaluationof Consumer Families Scale were administered to the sample.ANOVA and ANCOVA were used to test differences between groupsand the relation between causal explanation of schizophrenia anddiscrimination towards PWS.Results Psychology students were more aware than the otherstudent of public stigma towards PWS and their families (F 12.57,P < 0.001; F 32.69, P < 0.001) and expressed a more positive view ontreatments’ effectiveness (F 30.74, P < 0.001). Psychology (OR 0.48,95% CI 0.26–0.88) and nursing (OR 0.29, 95% CI 0.15–0.55) studentswere more likely to identify psychological and social risk factors asmore frequent causes of schizophrenia (vs. biogenetics) and these,in turn, were related to a better opinion towards social equality ofPWS.Conclusions These preliminary findings underline the relevanceof biopsychosocial model of schizophrenia within stigmareductionprograms for health science students.

AB - Introduction Discrimination towards people with schizophrenia(PWS) by healthcare professionals is responsible of underdiagnosisand undertreatment of these patients. Negative attitudes towardPSW in health care professionals tend to be present since their universitystudies and are related to their knowledge and experienceabout the disease.Objectives and aims To assess opinion towards PSW in medical,nursing and psychology students and to investigate the relationwith their knowledge of schizophrenia and its causes.Methods The study involved 133 medical, 200 nursing and 296psychology undergraduate students. The opinion on mental illnessquestionnaire, the Devaluation Consumers Scale, and the Devaluationof Consumer Families Scale were administered to the sample.ANOVA and ANCOVA were used to test differences between groupsand the relation between causal explanation of schizophrenia anddiscrimination towards PWS.Results Psychology students were more aware than the otherstudent of public stigma towards PWS and their families (F 12.57,P < 0.001; F 32.69, P < 0.001) and expressed a more positive view ontreatments’ effectiveness (F 30.74, P < 0.001). Psychology (OR 0.48,95% CI 0.26–0.88) and nursing (OR 0.29, 95% CI 0.15–0.55) studentswere more likely to identify psychological and social risk factors asmore frequent causes of schizophrenia (vs. biogenetics) and these,in turn, were related to a better opinion towards social equality ofPWS.Conclusions These preliminary findings underline the relevanceof biopsychosocial model of schizophrenia within stigmareductionprograms for health science students.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/244229

UR - http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/09249338/41/supp/S?sdc=1

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