Detection of gamma-hydroxybutyrate in hair: Validation of GC–MS andLC–MS/MS methods and application to a real case

Antonina Argo, Paolo Procaccianti, Fabio Vaiano, Maria Grazia Di Milia, Elisabetta Bertol, Francesco Mari, Sandra Furlanetto

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

33 Citazioni (Scopus)


A gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS) and a liquid chromatography tandem massspectrometry (LC–MS/MS) method were validated for quantifying endogenous and exogenous hair concentrationsof gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB). The GC–MS method is based on overnight extraction of25 mg hair in NaOH at 56 ◦C, liquid/liquid extraction in ethylacetate and trimethylsylil derivatization;analysis is by electron ionization and single ion monitoring of three ions. The LC–MS/MS method entailsa rapid digestion of 25 mg hair with NaOH at 75 ◦C for 40 min, liquid/liquid extraction in ethylacetate andreconstitution of the extract in the LC mobile phase; negative ion electrospray ionization and multiplereaction monitoring (MRM) analysis are employed for the LC–MS/MS detection. In both cases, GHB-d6is used as an internal standard. The endogenous amount in “blank” hair are estimated by the standardaddition method. Limits of detection are 0.4 and 0.5 ng/mg for GC–MS and LC–MS/MS respectively, whilethe limit of quantification (LOQ) is 0.6 ng/mg for both methods; the GC–MS method proved to be linearin the range 1–50 ng/mg whereas linearity was demonstrated from 0.6 to 50 ng/mg for the LC–MS/MS;imprecision and inaccuracy were always lower than 23% for quality controls samples. The two methodswere applied to a real case of a man addicted to GHB; the drug concentration in segments from 17 cmhair strand well correlated with self-reported use of GHB in different periods of his life. Performances ofthe two methods were similar.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)518-522
Numero di pagine5
RivistaJournal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • ???subjectarea.asjc.1600.1602???
  • ???subjectarea.asjc.3000.3003???
  • ???subjectarea.asjc.3000.3002???
  • ???subjectarea.asjc.1600.1607???
  • ???subjectarea.asjc.1300.1308???


Entra nei temi di ricerca di 'Detection of gamma-hydroxybutyrate in hair: Validation of GC–MS andLC–MS/MS methods and application to a real case'. Insieme formano una fingerprint unica.

Cita questo