Density of States characterization of TiO2 films deposited by Pulsed Laser Deposition for Heterojunction solar cells

Mauro Mosca, Isodiana Crupi, Daniele Scire', Roberto Macaluso, Olindo Isabella, Maria Pia Casaletto, Miro Zeman

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

Abstract

The application of titanium dioxide (TiO2) in the photovoltaic field is gaining traction as this material can be deployed in doping-free heterojunction solar cells with the role of electron selective contact. For modeling-based optimization of such contact, knowledge of the titanium oxide defect density of states is crucial. In this paper, we report a method to extract the defect density through nondestructive optical measures, including the contribution given by small polaron optical transitions. The presence of both related to oxygen-vacancy defects and polarons is supported by the results of optical characterizations and the evaluation of previous observations resulting in a defect band fixed at 1 eV below the conduction band edge of the oxide. Solar cells employing pulsed laser deposited-TiO2 electron selective contacts were fabricated and characterized. The J-V curve of these cells showed, however, a S-shape, then a detailed analysis of the reasons of such a behavior was carried out. We use a model involving the series of a standard cell equivalent circuit with a Schottky junction in order to explain these atypical performances. A good matching between the experimental measurements and the adopted theoretical model was obtained. The extracted parameters are listed and analyzed to shade light on the reasons behind the low-performance cells.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine10
RivistaNano Research
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • ???subjectarea.asjc.3100.3107???
  • ???subjectarea.asjc.2500.2500???
  • ???subjectarea.asjc.3100.3104???
  • ???subjectarea.asjc.2200.2208???

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