Deep XMM-Newton Observations Reveal the Origin of Recombining Plasma in the Supernova Remnant W44

Marco Miceli, Hiroya Yamaguchi, Satoshi Yoshiike, Takaaki Tanaka, Hiroyuki Uchida, Hiromichi Okon, Randall K. Smith, Fabrizio Bocchino, Masumichi Seta, Salvatore Orlando, Takeshi Go Tsuru, Marco Miceli

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Abstract

Recent X-ray studies have revealed overionized recombining plasmas in a dozen mixed-morphology (MM) supernova remnants (SNRs). However, the physical process of the overionization has not yet been fully understood. Here we report on spatially resolved spectroscopy of X-ray emission from W44, one of the overionized MM SNRs, using XMM-Newton data from deep observations, with the aim of clarifying the physical origin of the overionization. We find that combination of low electron temperature and low recombination timescale is achieved in the region interacting with dense molecular clouds. Moreover, a clear anticorrelation between the electron temperature and the recombination timescale is obtained from each of the regions with and without the molecular clouds. The results are well explained if the plasma was overionized by rapid cooling through thermal conduction with the dense clouds hit by the blast wave of W44. Given that a few other overionized SNRs show evidence for adiabatic expansion as the major driver of the rapid cooling, our new result indicates that both processes can contribute to overionization in SNRs, with the dominant channel depending on the evolutionary stage.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)62-
Numero di pagine10
RivistaTHE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL
Volume890
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Miceli, M., Yamaguchi, H., Yoshiike, S., Tanaka, T., Uchida, H., Okon, H., Smith, R. K., Bocchino, F., Seta, M., Orlando, S., Tsuru, T. G., & Miceli, M. (2020). Deep XMM-Newton Observations Reveal the Origin of Recombining Plasma in the Supernova Remnant W44. THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 890, 62-.