Originating in historiographical trends of post-Unification Italy, the “quest” of the Renaissance and its credentials as the only manifestation of a progressive and specifically Italian culture, created in the Italian setting a prolonged period of “critical misfortune” in regard to all those artistic manifestations that were conventionally gathered together under the Late Gothic label. Indeed, if some leniency was granted to the solid tradition of the Lombard constructors or to the inescapable “exoticism” of a reality which looked East like Venice, as far as the Southern Italian mainland and islands were concerned, the idea of a cultural lag was asserted. After overcoming prejudice and preconceptions, the reality that emerges for also the Italian setting is well different, and the presence of the Late Gothic style appears less marginal and localized than we would expect on the basis of tendentious choices. But can we talk about an Italian Late Gothic architectural style? Certainly a unitary phenomenon does not exist and here more than anywhere else the variety of lines of research that have been pursued (structural, technological, formal, decorative) give rise to a great diversity of results, that are mainly comparable within regional contexts but whose connotations vary from city to city. On the whole, the incidence of Late Gothic in its multiple declensions appears territorially predominant over the course of the fifteenth century, with Renaissance culture limited to a few centres of experimentation. However, in the first few decades of the sixteenth century, the ratio of power changes partly and, under the thrust of antiquity , interest in the old-fashioned forms of language begins to rise from the ranks, even in the Gothic “strongholds”. Nevertheless it is hardly ever a question of a clear-cut choice of battleground or battle, but rather of a dialogue between cultures, which often results in imaginative hybridizations. Through a selection of cases of architecture in settings around the Italian peninsula (Sardinia, Sicily, Malta and Dalmatia) and in its Southern regions, but which are at the same time permeated by other solicitations from the west and the east, this paper looks at forms and types of dialogue between cultures that characterise the start of the “long” sixteenth century.
|Titolo della pubblicazione ospite||1514. Arquitectos tardogóticos en la encrucijada|
|Numero di pagine||16|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2016|
Garofalo, E. (2016). Culture in dialogo attraverso e attorno la penisola italiana nei primi decenni del XVI secolo: il tardogotico e le altre opzioni. In 1514. Arquitectos tardogóticos en la encrucijada (pagg. 353-368)