Q fever is a zoonotic disease caused by C. burnetii. Commonreservoirs of this worldwide disease are wild and domestic animals,especially sheep, goats, cattle. Q fever has been considered alsoan occupational disease for abattoir workers, sheep shearers,livestock farmers, and veterinarians due to their direct contactwith potentially infected animals. The aims of this study were toestimate C. burnetii spread in Sicilian livestock and among rangersthat live and work in Western Sicily. ELISA test on animal serum andIFI test on seasonal rangers sera were carried out. Real Time PCRwas performed on milk and vaginal swab samples collected fromanimals to search for the C. burnetii DNA. The highest prevalenceof C. burnetii infection was observed in goat farms in Enna provinceand in sheep farms in Catania. The major prevalence of positiveworkers at C. burnetii was observed in Trapani province. TheReal Time PCR results showed more positive samples in Palermo province.
|Numero di pagine||2|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2015|