Cosa può dirci l’antico. Spazi, forme e funzioni dei pellegrinaggi cristiani “minori”

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Abstract

Taking into consideration some Christian pilgrimages which can be defined as “minor” ones, in this work we shall be paying attention to some issues connected with the relationship betweenthe environment, society, and sacred places, and with the functions covered by the pilgrimage itinerary in relation to the different composition of the “pilgrim communities” and the “religious”reasons which could support the continuity of attendance of places of worship and the repetition of certain ritual practices. Despite the socio-cultural transformations, the variation oflife expectations of the faithful, the production systems, diets, demographic consistency, the pilgrimage is indeed a religious institution spread in large areas of Europe, and other countries,presenting a remarkable morphological and functional stability. There are no explanations which can wholly account for this phenomenon. With regard to peripheral and economically depressed areas, we can observe that to the conditions of precarious existence typical of rural communities, to physical and psychic disorders, anthropological constants connected to thegenesis and the development of sacred rituals, today we should add the existential crisis and the discomfort of living generated by the disarticulation of the system of rules and values offeredby traditional societies. The communities respond to such a dramatic situation, according to an ancient well-known language, looking for certainties and points of reference, an orderand a sense, in “memorial” symbols. It can therefore be stated that among the reasons for the persistence of pilgrimages there is even their “power” to give satisfaction to instances of psychological and social order, proposing “according to tradition” all-round solutions to the problems, in some cases contradictory ones, experienced in practice. Besides, we should consideralso the precise choice of single communities to recognize themselves and establish themselves through the repetition of collective and performative religious traditions, perceived as foundingmoments of their own social and cultural belonging.
Lingua originaleItalian
pagine (da-a)91-129
Numero di pagine39
RivistaCIVILTÀ E RELIGIONI
Volume2
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2016

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