Conventional karyotypes. NOR-bearing chromosomes by means of silver impregnation and genome size were investigated in five Mediterranean species in three genera of the Syngnathidae. A karyotype of 48 subtelocentric-acrocentric chromosomes was found in the seahorse Hippocampus hippocampus (FN=48) while a diploid value of 44 occurred in IL guttulatus (2 sm-m+42 a; FN=46) and the pipefish Syngnathus abaster (44 a: FN=44) and S. typhle (44 a: FN=44). The pipefish Nerophis ophidion, possessing a diploid chromosomal set of 58 made up of 50 meta-submetacentric and eight subteloacrocentric elements (FN=108) and a genome size three to four times larger than those known to date, differs cytogenetically from all other Syngnathids studied so far. A single pair of active NOR-bearing chromosomes was found in both species of the genus Hippocampus while in Syngnathus and Nerophis species more than two silver positive chromosomes were found to be involved in nucleolus organization giving rise to NOR-bearing chromosome polymorphism. The possible evolutionary routes of quantitative and qualitative changes in chromosome and DNA are discussed. The resulting phylogenetic scheme is shown to coincide with that constructed from morphological characters.
|Numero di pagine||11|
|Rivista||Journal of Fish Biology|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 1998|
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