Control of powdery mildew in cut roses using natural products in the greenhouse.

Salamone, A; Fascella, G

Risultato della ricerca: Article

Abstract

Roses grown under greenhouse cultivation are commonly affected by diseases and regular fungicide applications are commonly used. The aim of this research was to identify natural products that can substitute and reduce the health and environmental impacts of typical chemical treatments in the control of powdery mildew [(Podosphaera pannosa (Wallr. Fr.) de Bary] and grey mould (Botrytis cinerea Pers.). Treatments were applied in the greenhouse on the cut rose cultivars Sunluck (Gold Strike®) and Nirpbredy (New Fashion®) growing in a soilless system. Oregano and clove essential oil at 0.5 ml/l (an emulsifier was added) and sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) at 4 g/l were sprayed on rose plants to runoff. The controls were untreated roses and a standard chemical control (the fungicides Dinocap, Triadimenol, Dimethomorph+Sulphur, Bupirimate, Dithianon, Iprodione and Thiram) was applied in rotation. Sprays were applied every 7-10 days after the first symptoms of disease appeared. Disease incidence was checked on 100 leaflets and symptoms were evaluated using a scale from 0 (no disease) to 7 (76-100% infection). At three different times (June and November 2005 and January 2006) biometric data (stem height, stem diameter, stem flexibility, flower diameter, number of petals/flower and thorniness) and colorimetric analysis of the leaves were evaluated in order to determine the effect of treatments on cut rose quality. Treatment with essential oils and NaHCO3 was able to control the incidence and the severity of powdery mildew on roses. Ambient infection of grey mould was low and comparisons between treatments were not possible. Significant differences among the chemical and natural product treatments were found for all traits examined. Although NaHCO3 treatment controlled powdery mildew to a greater extent than essential oils, it resulted in slight phytotoxicity. These results indicate the potential use of natural products to control powdery mildew of roses and could be a good alternative to chemical fungicides. However, differences in response to powdery mildew depend on the cultivar susceptibility, period of treatments and level of control needed.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)121-125
Numero di pagine5
RivistaFloriculture and Ornamental Biotechnology
VolumeGlobal Science Books
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2009

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powdery mildew
Rosa
greenhouses
essential oils
chemical control
signs and symptoms (plants)
stems
fungicides
dithianon
dinocap
triadimenol
Podosphaera
thiram
iprodione
soilless culture
cloves
oregano
sodium bicarbonate
emulsifiers
cultivars

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Control of powdery mildew in cut roses using natural products in the greenhouse. / Salamone, A; Fascella, G.

In: Floriculture and Ornamental Biotechnology, Vol. Global Science Books, 2009, pag. 121-125.

Risultato della ricerca: Article

Salamone, A; Fascella, G. / Control of powdery mildew in cut roses using natural products in the greenhouse. In: Floriculture and Ornamental Biotechnology. 2009 ; Vol. Global Science Books. pagg. 121-125.
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abstract = "Roses grown under greenhouse cultivation are commonly affected by diseases and regular fungicide applications are commonly used. The aim of this research was to identify natural products that can substitute and reduce the health and environmental impacts of typical chemical treatments in the control of powdery mildew [(Podosphaera pannosa (Wallr. Fr.) de Bary] and grey mould (Botrytis cinerea Pers.). Treatments were applied in the greenhouse on the cut rose cultivars Sunluck (Gold Strike{\circledR}) and Nirpbredy (New Fashion{\circledR}) growing in a soilless system. Oregano and clove essential oil at 0.5 ml/l (an emulsifier was added) and sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) at 4 g/l were sprayed on rose plants to runoff. The controls were untreated roses and a standard chemical control (the fungicides Dinocap, Triadimenol, Dimethomorph+Sulphur, Bupirimate, Dithianon, Iprodione and Thiram) was applied in rotation. Sprays were applied every 7-10 days after the first symptoms of disease appeared. Disease incidence was checked on 100 leaflets and symptoms were evaluated using a scale from 0 (no disease) to 7 (76-100{\%} infection). At three different times (June and November 2005 and January 2006) biometric data (stem height, stem diameter, stem flexibility, flower diameter, number of petals/flower and thorniness) and colorimetric analysis of the leaves were evaluated in order to determine the effect of treatments on cut rose quality. Treatment with essential oils and NaHCO3 was able to control the incidence and the severity of powdery mildew on roses. Ambient infection of grey mould was low and comparisons between treatments were not possible. Significant differences among the chemical and natural product treatments were found for all traits examined. Although NaHCO3 treatment controlled powdery mildew to a greater extent than essential oils, it resulted in slight phytotoxicity. These results indicate the potential use of natural products to control powdery mildew of roses and could be a good alternative to chemical fungicides. However, differences in response to powdery mildew depend on the cultivar susceptibility, period of treatments and level of control needed.",
keywords = "crop protection, grey mould, natural products, powdery mildew, quality control, Rosa hybrida",
author = "{Salamone, A; Fascella, G} and Giuseppa Scarito and {Camerata Scovazzo}, Giulia",
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T1 - Control of powdery mildew in cut roses using natural products in the greenhouse.

AU - Salamone, A; Fascella, G

AU - Scarito, Giuseppa

AU - Camerata Scovazzo, Giulia

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - Roses grown under greenhouse cultivation are commonly affected by diseases and regular fungicide applications are commonly used. The aim of this research was to identify natural products that can substitute and reduce the health and environmental impacts of typical chemical treatments in the control of powdery mildew [(Podosphaera pannosa (Wallr. Fr.) de Bary] and grey mould (Botrytis cinerea Pers.). Treatments were applied in the greenhouse on the cut rose cultivars Sunluck (Gold Strike®) and Nirpbredy (New Fashion®) growing in a soilless system. Oregano and clove essential oil at 0.5 ml/l (an emulsifier was added) and sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) at 4 g/l were sprayed on rose plants to runoff. The controls were untreated roses and a standard chemical control (the fungicides Dinocap, Triadimenol, Dimethomorph+Sulphur, Bupirimate, Dithianon, Iprodione and Thiram) was applied in rotation. Sprays were applied every 7-10 days after the first symptoms of disease appeared. Disease incidence was checked on 100 leaflets and symptoms were evaluated using a scale from 0 (no disease) to 7 (76-100% infection). At three different times (June and November 2005 and January 2006) biometric data (stem height, stem diameter, stem flexibility, flower diameter, number of petals/flower and thorniness) and colorimetric analysis of the leaves were evaluated in order to determine the effect of treatments on cut rose quality. Treatment with essential oils and NaHCO3 was able to control the incidence and the severity of powdery mildew on roses. Ambient infection of grey mould was low and comparisons between treatments were not possible. Significant differences among the chemical and natural product treatments were found for all traits examined. Although NaHCO3 treatment controlled powdery mildew to a greater extent than essential oils, it resulted in slight phytotoxicity. These results indicate the potential use of natural products to control powdery mildew of roses and could be a good alternative to chemical fungicides. However, differences in response to powdery mildew depend on the cultivar susceptibility, period of treatments and level of control needed.

AB - Roses grown under greenhouse cultivation are commonly affected by diseases and regular fungicide applications are commonly used. The aim of this research was to identify natural products that can substitute and reduce the health and environmental impacts of typical chemical treatments in the control of powdery mildew [(Podosphaera pannosa (Wallr. Fr.) de Bary] and grey mould (Botrytis cinerea Pers.). Treatments were applied in the greenhouse on the cut rose cultivars Sunluck (Gold Strike®) and Nirpbredy (New Fashion®) growing in a soilless system. Oregano and clove essential oil at 0.5 ml/l (an emulsifier was added) and sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) at 4 g/l were sprayed on rose plants to runoff. The controls were untreated roses and a standard chemical control (the fungicides Dinocap, Triadimenol, Dimethomorph+Sulphur, Bupirimate, Dithianon, Iprodione and Thiram) was applied in rotation. Sprays were applied every 7-10 days after the first symptoms of disease appeared. Disease incidence was checked on 100 leaflets and symptoms were evaluated using a scale from 0 (no disease) to 7 (76-100% infection). At three different times (June and November 2005 and January 2006) biometric data (stem height, stem diameter, stem flexibility, flower diameter, number of petals/flower and thorniness) and colorimetric analysis of the leaves were evaluated in order to determine the effect of treatments on cut rose quality. Treatment with essential oils and NaHCO3 was able to control the incidence and the severity of powdery mildew on roses. Ambient infection of grey mould was low and comparisons between treatments were not possible. Significant differences among the chemical and natural product treatments were found for all traits examined. Although NaHCO3 treatment controlled powdery mildew to a greater extent than essential oils, it resulted in slight phytotoxicity. These results indicate the potential use of natural products to control powdery mildew of roses and could be a good alternative to chemical fungicides. However, differences in response to powdery mildew depend on the cultivar susceptibility, period of treatments and level of control needed.

KW - crop protection, grey mould, natural products, powdery mildew, quality control, Rosa hybrida

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/54411

M3 - Article

VL - Global Science Books

SP - 121

EP - 125

JO - Floriculture and Ornamental Biotechnology

JF - Floriculture and Ornamental Biotechnology

SN - 1749-0294

ER -