Control of Bactrocera oleae by low environmental impact methods: NPC methodology to evaluate the efficacy of lure-and-kill method and copper hydroxide treatments

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Abstract

The NonParametric Combination (NPC) methodology is proposed to verify the influence of the lure-and-kill method, using Ecotraps (Vioryl SA), on the distribution of Bactrocera oleae (Rossi) (Diptera Tephritidae) infestation in olive groves, and the integration of this method with copper hydroxide sprayings. This approach does not require the verification of any rigid assumption as many parametric methods do. Results of field trials indicate a strict relationship among the efficiency of the lure-and-kill methodon time, dimension of the field, and population density of the olive fly. Moreover, the lure-and-kill method alone seems insufficient to provide an efficient control of the olive fly population in small olive groves. However, when this method is integrated with two copper hydroxide sprayings, the infestation of drupes is maintained below the damage threshold.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-8
Numero di pagine8
RivistaDefault journal
Volume64
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2011

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copper hydroxide
Bactrocera oleae
environmental impact
groves
spraying
methodology
economic threshold
stone fruits
Tephritidae
field experimentation
population density

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Insect Science

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title = "Control of Bactrocera oleae by low environmental impact methods: NPC methodology to evaluate the efficacy of lure-and-kill method and copper hydroxide treatments",
abstract = "The NonParametric Combination (NPC) methodology is proposed to verify the influence of the lure-and-kill method, using Ecotraps (Vioryl SA), on the distribution of Bactrocera oleae (Rossi) (Diptera Tephritidae) infestation in olive groves, and the integration of this method with copper hydroxide sprayings. This approach does not require the verification of any rigid assumption as many parametric methods do. Results of field trials indicate a strict relationship among the efficiency of the lure-and-kill methodon time, dimension of the field, and population density of the olive fly. Moreover, the lure-and-kill method alone seems insufficient to provide an efficient control of the olive fly population in small olive groves. However, when this method is integrated with two copper hydroxide sprayings, the infestation of drupes is maintained below the damage threshold.",
keywords = "Bactrocera oleae, NPC., NonParametric Combination analysis, copper hydroxide, lure-and-kill",
author = "Haralabos Tsolakis and Ernesto Ragusa",
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T1 - Control of Bactrocera oleae by low environmental impact methods: NPC methodology to evaluate the efficacy of lure-and-kill method and copper hydroxide treatments

AU - Tsolakis, Haralabos

AU - Ragusa, Ernesto

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - The NonParametric Combination (NPC) methodology is proposed to verify the influence of the lure-and-kill method, using Ecotraps (Vioryl SA), on the distribution of Bactrocera oleae (Rossi) (Diptera Tephritidae) infestation in olive groves, and the integration of this method with copper hydroxide sprayings. This approach does not require the verification of any rigid assumption as many parametric methods do. Results of field trials indicate a strict relationship among the efficiency of the lure-and-kill methodon time, dimension of the field, and population density of the olive fly. Moreover, the lure-and-kill method alone seems insufficient to provide an efficient control of the olive fly population in small olive groves. However, when this method is integrated with two copper hydroxide sprayings, the infestation of drupes is maintained below the damage threshold.

AB - The NonParametric Combination (NPC) methodology is proposed to verify the influence of the lure-and-kill method, using Ecotraps (Vioryl SA), on the distribution of Bactrocera oleae (Rossi) (Diptera Tephritidae) infestation in olive groves, and the integration of this method with copper hydroxide sprayings. This approach does not require the verification of any rigid assumption as many parametric methods do. Results of field trials indicate a strict relationship among the efficiency of the lure-and-kill methodon time, dimension of the field, and population density of the olive fly. Moreover, the lure-and-kill method alone seems insufficient to provide an efficient control of the olive fly population in small olive groves. However, when this method is integrated with two copper hydroxide sprayings, the infestation of drupes is maintained below the damage threshold.

KW - Bactrocera oleae

KW - NPC.

KW - NonParametric Combination analysis

KW - copper hydroxide

KW - lure-and-kill

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/58986

M3 - Article

VL - 64

SP - 1

EP - 8

JO - Default journal

JF - Default journal

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