Constructing Antidictionaries in Output-Sensitive Space

Gabriele Fici, Solon P. Pissis, Golnaz Badkobeh, Alice Heliou, Lorraine A.K. Ayad

Risultato della ricerca: Conference contribution

Abstract

A word x that is absent from a word y is called minimal if all its proper factors occur in y. Given a collection of k words y-1, y-2,...,y-k over an alphabet Σ, we are asked to compute the set M^ℓ-y-1#...#y-k of minimal absent words of length at most ℓ of word y=y-1#y-2#...#y-k, NotElementΣ. In data compression, this corresponds to computing the antidictionary of k documents. In bioinformatics, it corresponds to computing words that are absent from a genome of k chromosomes. This computation generally requires Ω(n) space for n=|y| using any of the plenty available O(n)-time algorithms. This is because an Ω(n)-sized text index is constructed over y which can be impractical for large n. We do the identical computation incrementally using output-sensitive space. This goal is reasonable when ||M^ℓ-y-1#...#y-N || =o(n), for all N [1, k]. For instance, in the human genome, n ≈ 3 × 10^9 but ||M^12-y-1#...#y-k|| ≈ 10^6. We consider a constant-sized alphabet for stating our results. We show that all M^ℓ-y-1,...,M^ℓ-y-1#...#y-k can be computed in O(kn+k-N=1||M^ℓ-y-1#...#y-N||) total time using O(MaxIn+MaxOut) space, where MaxIn is the length of the longest word in y-1,...,y-k and MaxOut=max||M^ℓ-y-1#...#y-N||:N [1, k]. Proof-of-concept experimental results are also provided confirming our theoretical findings and justifying our contribution
Lingua originaleEnglish
Titolo della pubblicazione ospiteData Compression Conference Proceedings
Pagine538-547
Numero di pagine10
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2019

Serie di pubblicazioni

NomeDATA COMPRESSION CONFERENCE

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Networks and Communications

Cita questo

Fici, G., Pissis, S. P., Badkobeh, G., Heliou, A., & Ayad, L. A. K. (2019). Constructing Antidictionaries in Output-Sensitive Space. In Data Compression Conference Proceedings (pagg. 538-547). (DATA COMPRESSION CONFERENCE).