Condizioni di edentulismo e necessità di trattamento protesico in un campione della popolazione adulta della città di Palermo

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The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of edentulousness and the prosthetic treatment need in a sample of the over 18-year-old inhabitants of Palermo (Italy). A stratified sample of 385 subjects (183 female and 202 male) was taken to represent the population of the city. Each subject included in the study was examined to record the level of edentulousness (complete edentulousness, partial edentulousness, intact dentition) and the level of denture wearing. Requirement for repair of dentures was recorded according to the marginal fitting for fixed dentures, and to the extension, stability and retention for removable dentures. Complete edentulousness of one or both arches was present in 4,6% of the studied population, whereas 184 (34.8%) of the sample population had intact dentition. Partial edentulousness was present in 60.6% of the subjects surveyed, but only the 45.9% of these was wearing dentures.Loss of structural integrity or incongruous marginal fitting was found in the 37.9% of fixed dentures. The majorityof partial and complete removable dentures (74.5%) did not ever undergo relining, and the 51.7% of them neededrelining or replacement. Statistical analysis (chi-square test) showed that the level of edentulousness was correlated with age; similarly, the frequency of dental visits significantly impacted on the number of missing tooth (P<0.01).The results of the present study show that the adult inhabitants of Palermo had high level of partial edentulousness and low level of denture wearing. The majority of existing removable dentures required relining or replacement.
Lingua originaleItalian
pagine (da-a)69-81
Numero di pagine13
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2010

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