Concilio Vaticano II e progetto urbano. Le chiese di San Raffaele Arcangelo e San Giovanni Evangelista a Palermo

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To begin once again a moral and economic duty. Italy, after Second World War: according to Fanfani and Tupini’s laws (1949), INA-casa and its procuring enti- ties’ ventures made a motor of urban renewal from the enthusiasm and the commitment of many entrepreneurs and public administrators. In Palermo, the agricultural lands began to include new neighbourhoods designed as part of the reconstruction after the bombardment of the old city, which had to be restored.Soon big private capital had been involved also coming from «people until that time unrelated to building entre- preneurship» «many landowners located in the surroun- dings of the historic city sold the farthest part of it, applying a price of “agricultural land” in order to build public housing and infrastructure works. When the value of the crossed and not sold areas increased greatly , they began new speculation plans». Quickly, the new districts merged with the historic centre and with the continuous town of the nineteenth-twentieth century.In the fifties, between the town and its geographic limits (the mountains of the Corona dei Colli) a ring has been hypothesized. It was also useful to link the new residen- tial peripheral areas. In the sixties, the new roads marked a border beyond and around there were still a lot of citrus groves, vineyards, olive groves, flowers and gardens. In the fields, little rural buildings, warehouses and villas arose. The urban aggregations only were the thin clusters of historic villages.Among the new neighbourhoods there are the villaggio Santa Rosalia (1951) and the Centro di Edilizia Popolare CEP (1954), where the churches San Raffaele Arcangelo (1959) and San Giovanni Evangelista (1965) have been realized according with the design by Giuseppe Spatrisano (Palermo, 1899-1985). Spatrisano was Ernesto Basile’s student but also a teacher himself at University of Palermo. At that time, among others, he was a protagonist designer and intellectual within the urban transformation. Indeed, the aim to regulate the growth of the city results in the Town Plan started in 1956 by the same Spatrisano with Salvatore Caronia, Edoardo Caracciolo, Luigi Epifanio Pietro Villa and Vittorio Ziino. This plan underwent several drafts before being approved in 1962.Therefore, the churches San Raffaele Arcangelo and San Giovanni Evangelista are two pieces of a big transformation of the town. At the same time, these architectures show another innovation promulgated by the Church that was renewing itself during the Second Vatican Council (1962-1965).For these reasons, both the architectures will be described, from a double perspective: from the outside, looking also at the city, and from the inside, considering the liturgical questions.It is interesting to understand how, in these specific cases, the outer and insider shells of the buildings, result from several external and internal conditions that interact each others in relationships of cause and effect, defining the surrounding spaces.The choice to compare these two churches comes from some analogies that help to clarify the salient issues on first: the urban design in the new neighbourhoods of Palermo; second: the Spatrisano’s interpretation of the indications by the Church about the design of new places of worship, that was, at that time, the focus of the archi- tectural debate.The similarities found are not really in the final architec- tural solution, rather in the process of the intermediate configurations. Both planning processes show a cultural change in progress about the relation between “church- context-co
Lingua originaleEnglish
Titolo della pubblicazione ospiteArchitettura cultuale nel Mediterraneo
Numero di pagine10
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2015


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