Computational homogenization of polycrystalline materials with pores: a three-dimensional grain boundary formulation

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Abstract

In this study, the influence of porosity on the elastic effective properties of polycrystalline materials is investigated using a 3D grain boundary micro mechanical model. The volume fraction of pores, their size and distribution can be varied to better simulate the response of real porous materials. The formulation is built on a boundary integral representation of the elastic problem for the grains, which are modeled as 3D linearly elastic orthotropic domains with arbitrary spatial orientation. The artificial polycrystalline morphology is represented using 3D Voronoi Tessellations. The formulation is expressed in terms of intergranular fields, namely displacements and tractions that play an important role in polycrystalline micromechanics. The continuity of the aggregate is enforced through suitable intergranular conditions. The effective material properties are obtained through material homogenization, computing the volume averages of micro-strains and stresses and taking the ensemble average over a certain number of microstructural samples. The obtained results show the capability of the model to assess the macroscopic effects of porosity.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine22
RivistaJOURNAL OF MULTISCALE MODELLING
Volume4
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2012

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