Complications of elective esophago-gastro-duodenoscopy (EGDS). Personal experience and literature review

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AbstractINTRODUCTION: Although upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy is reasonably safe, it is not perfectly so. The complication rate is about 0.1% for EGDS. Aim of this study is to schedule and evaluate all possible complications, starting from personal experience in Operative Unit of Surgical Endoscopy.PATIENTS AND METHODS: We evaluated all EGDS performed at the Operative Unit of Surgical Endoscopy of Policlinico in Palermo between January 2000 and January 2008. A single staff of endoscopists performed diagnostic and therapeutic exam. All complications were tabulated and scheduled to identify possible risk factors or indicators procedure- or patient-related.RESULTS: 5.258 patients (43.6 %) experienced temporary and self-limiting hypoxia (SaO2 < 85%); we report totally 18 complications (0.15%), according to literature data: 2 hypopharinx perforations (0.016%), 2 middle esophagus perforation (either with death of patients = 0.016%), 3 post-biopsy hematomas of the gastric wall (0.02%) and 2 duodenal wall (0.016%) 6 (0.04%) post-polypectomy bleeding, 1 abscess post-percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) (0.008%) and 1 accidentally PEG remove (0.008%).DISCUSSION: EGDS-related complications may occur and cannot be prevented completely even in expert hands however, early recognition and proper management will lead to better outcome. Because of the complexity of endoscopic procedures has increased, endoscopists need to be aware of all possible procedure-related complications and should use strategies to minimize it.CONCLUSIONS: Endoscopic complications will inevitably occur if an endoscopist does many procedures. The knowledge of potential complications and their expected frequency can lead to improved risk-benefit analysis by physicians and patients as well as true informed consent by patients. Early recognition of complications and prompt intervention may minimize patient morbidity.
Lingua originaleItalian
pagine (da-a)502-506
Numero di pagine5
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2009

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