Comparison of the Enhancement Pattern of Hepatic Hemangioma on Magnetic Resonance Imaging Performed With Gd-EOB-DTPA Versus Gd-BOPTA

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Abstract

Purpose: To compare magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings with gadoxetic acid and gadobenate dimeglumine for the diagnosis of hepatic hemangiomas. Materials and Methods: In this retrospective study, we included 26 hemangiomas (mean size was 14 mm ± 10 mm) in 19 patients (mean age 60 ± 14 years) scanned with both gadobenate dimeglumine MRI and gadoxetic acid MRI. For each patient, we collected multiple lesion variables including location, number, size and enhancement pattern on arterial, portal venous, 3-minute and hepatobiliary phases with both gadoxetic acid and gadobenate dimeglumine. The enhancement pattern with the two contrast agents was then compared. Results: The typical enhancement pattern of hepatic hemangiomas was more common—though not statistically significant—with gadobenate dimeglumine compared to gadoxetic acid (57% [15 of 26] vs 42% [11 of 26], respectively; P = 0.4057 for both peripheral globular discontinuous enhancement in the arterial phase and centripetal fill-in in the portal venous phase). A significantly higher number of hemangiomas showed centripetal fill-in or hyperintensity in the 3-minute phase with gadobenate dimeglumine compared to gadoxetic acid (88% [23 of 26) vs 58% [15 of 26]; P = 0.0266). A pseudo washout sign in the 3-minute phase was detected in one of the 5 flash-filling hemangiomas with gadoxetic acid, but not gadobenate dimeglumine. All hemangiomas were hypointense in the hepatobiliary phase with both gadobenate dimeglumine and gadoxetic acid. Conclusions: The enhancement pattern of hepatic hemangiomas may vary depending on the hepatobiliary agent, with more frequent lack of the typical pattern with gadoxetic acid compared to gadobenate dimeglumine.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine6
RivistaCurrent Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2019

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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