Comparing different application procedures of the water drop penetration time test to assess soil water repellency in a fire affected Sicilian area

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Abstract

The Water Drop Penetration Time (WDPT) technique was applied in two subsequent years (2016 and 2017) to check surface soil water repellency (SWR) in a Sicilian mountain area affected by a wildfire on June 2016. A total of 93 sites were sampled and from 3 to 100 droplets were used to characterize a site. The detected SWR varied with the severity of the wildfire, being practically absent in the unburnt control area and slight to extreme in the burnt areas. The percentage of extremely repellent sites increased with wildfire severity. SWR vanished one year after the passage of the fire in sites where fire severity was moderate but it persisted in the case of a severe wildfire. In general, the number of applied droplets at a site (from 3 to 100) and the SWR classification methodology (modal class, mean of the measured WDPTs) did not have a strong impact on SWR assessment. However, the data collected with the first few droplets (i.e. three or four) could help to make choices about the number of droplets to be used to reliably characterize a site. If all the initially used droplets give clear signals of wettable conditions, it is plausible to believe that a small number of droplets will be enough to characterize the site. If signs of water repellency are detected, then it could be advisable to use larger samples sizes. Complementing a detailed information on the spatial distribution of wildfire severity with a WDPT experiment appears appropriate to establish where fire mitigation techniques should promptly be implemented after the fire. Experimental developments with larger databases are advisable to improve our ability to capture spatial and temporal variability of SWR.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)41-48
Numero di pagine8
RivistaCatena
Volume177
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2019

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droplet
wildfire
penetration
soil water
water
test
mitigation
spatial distribution
surface water
mountain
methodology
experiment

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Earth-Surface Processes

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title = "Comparing different application procedures of the water drop penetration time test to assess soil water repellency in a fire affected Sicilian area",
abstract = "The Water Drop Penetration Time (WDPT) technique was applied in two subsequent years (2016 and 2017) to check surface soil water repellency (SWR) in a Sicilian mountain area affected by a wildfire on June 2016. A total of 93 sites were sampled and from 3 to 100 droplets were used to characterize a site. The detected SWR varied with the severity of the wildfire, being practically absent in the unburnt control area and slight to extreme in the burnt areas. The percentage of extremely repellent sites increased with wildfire severity. SWR vanished one year after the passage of the fire in sites where fire severity was moderate but it persisted in the case of a severe wildfire. In general, the number of applied droplets at a site (from 3 to 100) and the SWR classification methodology (modal class, mean of the measured WDPTs) did not have a strong impact on SWR assessment. However, the data collected with the first few droplets (i.e. three or four) could help to make choices about the number of droplets to be used to reliably characterize a site. If all the initially used droplets give clear signals of wettable conditions, it is plausible to believe that a small number of droplets will be enough to characterize the site. If signs of water repellency are detected, then it could be advisable to use larger samples sizes. Complementing a detailed information on the spatial distribution of wildfire severity with a WDPT experiment appears appropriate to establish where fire mitigation techniques should promptly be implemented after the fire. Experimental developments with larger databases are advisable to improve our ability to capture spatial and temporal variability of SWR.",
keywords = "Earth-Surface Processes, Field sampling, Small-scale spatial variability, Soil hydrophobicity, Water drop penetration time test",
author = "Ilenia Tinebra and Massimo Iovino and Vincenzo Bagarello and Vincenzo Alagna",
year = "2019",
language = "English",
volume = "177",
pages = "41--48",
journal = "Catena",
issn = "0341-8162",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Comparing different application procedures of the water drop penetration time test to assess soil water repellency in a fire affected Sicilian area

AU - Tinebra, Ilenia

AU - Iovino, Massimo

AU - Bagarello, Vincenzo

AU - Alagna, Vincenzo

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - The Water Drop Penetration Time (WDPT) technique was applied in two subsequent years (2016 and 2017) to check surface soil water repellency (SWR) in a Sicilian mountain area affected by a wildfire on June 2016. A total of 93 sites were sampled and from 3 to 100 droplets were used to characterize a site. The detected SWR varied with the severity of the wildfire, being practically absent in the unburnt control area and slight to extreme in the burnt areas. The percentage of extremely repellent sites increased with wildfire severity. SWR vanished one year after the passage of the fire in sites where fire severity was moderate but it persisted in the case of a severe wildfire. In general, the number of applied droplets at a site (from 3 to 100) and the SWR classification methodology (modal class, mean of the measured WDPTs) did not have a strong impact on SWR assessment. However, the data collected with the first few droplets (i.e. three or four) could help to make choices about the number of droplets to be used to reliably characterize a site. If all the initially used droplets give clear signals of wettable conditions, it is plausible to believe that a small number of droplets will be enough to characterize the site. If signs of water repellency are detected, then it could be advisable to use larger samples sizes. Complementing a detailed information on the spatial distribution of wildfire severity with a WDPT experiment appears appropriate to establish where fire mitigation techniques should promptly be implemented after the fire. Experimental developments with larger databases are advisable to improve our ability to capture spatial and temporal variability of SWR.

AB - The Water Drop Penetration Time (WDPT) technique was applied in two subsequent years (2016 and 2017) to check surface soil water repellency (SWR) in a Sicilian mountain area affected by a wildfire on June 2016. A total of 93 sites were sampled and from 3 to 100 droplets were used to characterize a site. The detected SWR varied with the severity of the wildfire, being practically absent in the unburnt control area and slight to extreme in the burnt areas. The percentage of extremely repellent sites increased with wildfire severity. SWR vanished one year after the passage of the fire in sites where fire severity was moderate but it persisted in the case of a severe wildfire. In general, the number of applied droplets at a site (from 3 to 100) and the SWR classification methodology (modal class, mean of the measured WDPTs) did not have a strong impact on SWR assessment. However, the data collected with the first few droplets (i.e. three or four) could help to make choices about the number of droplets to be used to reliably characterize a site. If all the initially used droplets give clear signals of wettable conditions, it is plausible to believe that a small number of droplets will be enough to characterize the site. If signs of water repellency are detected, then it could be advisable to use larger samples sizes. Complementing a detailed information on the spatial distribution of wildfire severity with a WDPT experiment appears appropriate to establish where fire mitigation techniques should promptly be implemented after the fire. Experimental developments with larger databases are advisable to improve our ability to capture spatial and temporal variability of SWR.

KW - Earth-Surface Processes

KW - Field sampling

KW - Small-scale spatial variability

KW - Soil hydrophobicity

KW - Water drop penetration time test

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/344461

UR - https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0341816219300554

M3 - Article

VL - 177

SP - 41

EP - 48

JO - Catena

JF - Catena

SN - 0341-8162

ER -