This research studied and compared different construction techniques for the road subgrade, embankment and pavement of different types of roundabout intersections in order to assess their environmental sustainability. A Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) was carried out on double lane, turbo- and flower roundabouts. We considered virgin materials and reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) for the pavement construction. Also the environmental effects due to in situ lime stabilization of fine-grained soils were assessed in order to reduce the use of virgin material in road subgrades. The use of reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) can lead to a significant reduction in pollutant emissions and energy consumption (especially due to the lesser material transport) – though with a slightly different impact according to the different percentages employed – compared to the pavements constructed with virgin materials. The same consideration can be made for fine soils with in situ lime stabilization: on the one hand, the technique allows to improve significantly the mechanical properties of soils which would be otherwise dumped and, on the other, to provide considerable environmental benefits. The life cycle assessment of the pavement was carried out with the help of the PaLATE software (by comparing different maintenance scenarios) while emissions and energy consumption in the use phase at intersections were evaluated by means of closed-form models (to estimate vehicle delays and speeds of vehicles) and the COPERT software. Finally, the generalized costs covered in the whole life cycle of roundabouts (i.e. sum of construction, maintenance and environmental costs) were assessed and associated to the different construction options.
|Numero di pagine||16|
|Rivista||TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH. PART D, TRANSPORT AND ENVIRONMENT|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2016|
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