Comparative electrochemical treatments of two chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons. Time courseof the main reaction by-products

Serena Randazzo, Onofrio Scialdone, Serena Randazzo, Ignasi Sirés, Enric Brillas

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61 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Acidic aqueous solutions of the chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons 1,2-dichloroethane (DCA) and 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane (TCA) have been treated by the electro-Fenton (EF) process. Bulk electrolyses were performed at constant current using a BDD anode and an air diffusion cathode able to generate H2O2 in situ, which reacts with added Fe2+ to yield •OH from Fenton’s reaction. At 300 mA, almost total mineralization was achieved at 420 min for solutions containing 4 mM of either DCA or TCA. Comparative treatments without Fe2+ (anodic oxidation) or with a Pt anode led to a poorer mineralization. The better performance of the EF process with BDD is explained by the synergistic action of the oxidizing radicals, BDD(•OH) at the anode surface and •OH in the bulk, and the minimization of diffusional limitations. The decay of the initial pollutant accomplished with pseudo first-order kinetics. Chloroacetic and dichloroacetic acids were the major by-products during the degradation of DCA and TCA, respectively. Acetic, oxalic and formic acids were also identified. The proposed reaction pathways include oxidative and reductive (cathodic) dechlorination steps. Chlorine was released as Cl, being further oxidized to ClO3 and, mostly, to ClO4, due to the action of the largely generated BDD(•OH) and •OH.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1555-1564
Numero di pagine10
RivistaJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume192
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2011

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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