Collisionless shock heating of heavy ions in SN 1987A

Fabio Reale, Marco Miceli, Giovanni Peres, Costanza Argiroffi, Oleh Petruk, David N. Burrows, Kari A. Frank, Fabrizio Bocchino, Costanza Argiroffi, Fabio Reale, Salvatore Orlando, Giovanni Peres, Marco Miceli

Risultato della ricerca: Article

9 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Astrophysical shocks at all scales, from those in the helio- sphere up to cosmological shock waves, are typically ‘colli- sionless’, because the thickness of their jump region is much shorter than the collisional mean free path. Across these jumps, electrons, protons and ions are expected to be heated at different temperatures. Supernova remnants (SNRs) are ideal targets to study collisionless processes because of their bright post-shock emission and fast shocks, but the actual dependence of the post-shock temperature on the particle mass is still widely debated1. We tackle this longstanding issue through the analysis of deep multi-epoch and high-resolution observations, made with the Chandra X-ray telescope, of the youngest nearby supernova remnant, SN 1987A. We intro- duce a data analysis method by studying the observed spectra in close comparison with a dedicated full three-dimensional hydrodynamic simulation that self-consistently reproduces the broadening of the spectral lines of many ions together. We measure the post-shock temperature of protons and ions through comparison of the model with observations. Our results show that the ratio of ion temperature to proton tem- perature is always significantly higher than one and increases linearly with the ion mass for a wide range of masses and shock parameters.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)236-241
Numero di pagine6
RivistaNature Astronomy
Volume3
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

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