CLINICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF PATIENTS WITH FAMILIAL AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS CARRYING THE PATHOGENIC GGGGCC HEXANUCLEOTIDE REPEAT EXPANSION OF C9ORF72

Vincenzo La Bella, Rossella Spataro, Gianluigi Mancardi, Francesco Marrosu, Francesca Trojsi, Carsten Drepper, Antonio Canosa, Kalliopi Marinou, Cristina Moglia, Valeria Piras, Ilaria Bartolomei, Giuseppe Marangi, Stefania Cammarosano, Amelia Conte, Giuseppe Lauria Pinter, Marco Luigetti, Alan E. Renton, Irene Ossola, Serena Lattante, Yevgeniya AbramzonGianluca Floris, Claudia Ricci, Leslie D. Parish, Lucia Ulgheri, Anna Laiola, Laura Papetti, Paolo Volanti, Giuseppe Fuda, Francesco Izzo, Maura Brunetti, Patrizia Sola, Sara Gallo, Michael Sendtner, Maria Rosaria Monsurrò, Andrea Calvo, Jessica Mandrioli, Elisa Majounie, Anna Ticca, Giuseppe Borghero, Paola Origone, Claudia Caponnetto, Maura Pugliatti, Stefania Battistini, Bryan J. Traynor, Mario Sabatelli, Maria Rita Murru, Giuliana Solinas, Francesca Luisa Conforti, Marcella Zollino, Gabriella Restagno, Antonino Cannas, Paola Mandich, Isabella Simone, Fabrizio Pisano, Giancarlo Logroscino, Silvana Penco, Andrea Calvo, Adriano Chiò, Maria Giovanna Marrosu, Massimo Corbo, Fabrizio Salvi, Gabriele Mora, Aldo Quattrone, Fabio Giannini, Gioacchino Tedeschi, Antonio Gambardella, Christian Lunetta, Maria Alessandra Sotgiu

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149 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

A large hexanucleotide (GGGGCC) repeat expansion in the first intron of C9ORF72, a gene located on chromosome 9p21, hasbeen recently reported to be responsible for 40% of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis cases of European ancestry. The aimof the current article was to describe the phenotype of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis cases carrying the expansion by providing adetailed clinical description of affected cases from representative multi-generational kindreds, and by analysing the age of onset,gender ratio and survival in a large cohort of patients with familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. We collected DNA andanalysed phenotype data for 141 index Italian familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis cases (21 of Sardinian ancestry) and 41German index familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis cases. Pathogenic repeat expansions were detected in 45 (37.5%) patientsfrom mainland Italy, 12 (57.1%) patients of Sardinian ancestry and nine (22.0%) of the 41 German index familial amyotrophiclateral sclerosis cases. The disease was maternally transmitted in 27 (49.1%) pedigrees and paternally transmitted in 28 (50.9%)pedigrees (P = non-significant). On average, children developed disease 7.0 years earlier than their parents [children: 55.8 years(standard deviation 7.9), parents: 62.8 (standard deviation 10.9); P = 0.003]. Parental phenotype influenced the type of clinicalsymptoms manifested by the child: of the 13 cases where the affected parent had an amyotrophic lateral sclerosis–frontotemporaldementia or frontotemporal dementia, the affected child also developed amyotrophic lateral sclerosis–frontotemporaldementia in nine cases. When compared with patients carrying mutations of other amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-relatedgenes, those with C9ORF72 expansion had commonly a bulbar onset (42.2% compared with 25.0% among non-C9ORF72expansion cases, P = 0.03) and cognitive impairment (46.7% compared with 9.1% among non-C9ORF72 expansion cases,P = 0.0001). Median survival from symptom onset among cases carrying C9ORF72 repeat expansion was 3.2 years lowerthan that of patients carrying TARDBP mutations (5.0 years; 95% confidence interval: 3.6–7.2) and longer than those withFUS mutations (1.9 years; 95% confidence interval: 1.7–2.1). We conclude that C9ORF72 hexanucleotide repeat expansionswere the most frequent mutation in our large cohort of patients with familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis of Italian, Sardinianand German ancestry. Together with mutation of SOD1, TARDBP and FUS, mutations of C9ORF72 account for 60% of familialamyotrophic lateral sclerosis in Italy. Patients with C9ORF72 hexanucleotide repeat expansions present some phenotypic differencescompared with patients with mutations of other genes or with unknown mutations, namely a high incidence ofbulbar-onset disease and comorbidity with frontotemporal dementia. Their pedigrees typically display a high frequency ofcases with pure frontotemporal dementia, widening the concept of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.Keywords:
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)784-793
Numero di pagine10
RivistaBRAIN
Volume135
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Neurology

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