Clinical and financial analysis of an acute palliative care unit in an oncological department

Alessandra Casuccio, Intravaia, Fabrizio David, Sebastiano Mercadante, Patrizia Villari, Patrizia Ferrera, Salvatore Mangione

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27 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this article is to describe the clinical activity and medical intervention of an acute model of palliative care unit (APC), as well as the reimbursement procedures and economic viability. A sample of 504 patients admitted at an APC in 1 year was surveyed. Indications for admission, pain and symptom intensity, analgesic treatments, procedures, instrumental examinations and modalities of discharge were recorded. For each patient, tariff for reimbursement was calculated according to the existent disease related grouping (DRG) system. The mean age was 62 years, and 246 patients were males. The mean hospital stay was 5.4 days. Pain control was the most frequent indication for admission. All patients had laboratory tests and several instrumental examinations. Almost all patients were prescribed one or more opioids at significant doses, and different routes of administration, as well as medication as needed. 59 patients received blood cell transfusions and 34 interventional procedures. Only 40 patients died in the unit, 11 of them being sedated at the end of life. Treatment efficacy was considered optimal and mild in 264 and 226 patients respectively. A mean of 3019 euros for admission was reimbursed by the Health Care System. APCs are of paramount importance within an oncological department, as they provide effective and intensive treatments during the entire course of disease, providing a simultaneous and integrated approach. Our findings also suggest both a cost and quality incentive for oncological departments to develop APC
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)760-767
Numero di pagine8
RivistaPalliative Medicine
Volume22
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2008

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Cita questo

Casuccio, A., Intravaia, David, F., Mercadante, S., Villari, P., Ferrera, P., & Mangione, S. (2008). Clinical and financial analysis of an acute palliative care unit in an oncological department. Palliative Medicine, 22, 760-767.