Classification of European and Mediterranean coastal dune vegetation

Riccardo Guarino, Úna Fitzpatrick, Maike Isermann, John S. Rodwell, Dmytro Iakushenko, Borja Jiménez-Alfaro, Corrado Marcenò, Alicia Teresa Rosario Acosta, Iva Keizer-Sedláková, Vitaliy Kolomiychuk, Lubomír Tichý, Zygmunt Kącki, Joop H. J. Schaminée, Javier Loidi, Milan Chytrý, Mercedes Herrera, John A. M. Janssen, Rossen T. Tzonev, Ilona Knollová, Urban Šilc

Risultato della ricerca: Article

12 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: Although many phytosociological studies have provided detailed local and regional descriptions of coastal dune vegetation, a unified classification of this vegetation in Europe and the Mediterranean Basin has been missing. Our aim is to produce a formalized classification of this vegetation and to identify the main factors driving its plant species composition at a continental scale. Location: Atlantic and Baltic coasts of Europe, Mediterranean Basin and the Black Sea region. Methods: We compiled a database of 30,759 plots of coastal vegetation, which were resampled to reduce unbalanced sampling effort, obtaining a data set of 11,769 plots. We classified these plots with TWINSPAN, interpreted the resulting clusters and used them for developing formal definitions of phytosociological alliances of coastal dune vegetation, which were included in an expert system for automatic vegetation classification. We related the alliances to climatic factors and described their biogeographic features and their position in the coastal vegetation zonation. We examined and visualized the floristic relationships among these alliances by means of DCA ordination. Results: We defined 18 alliances of coastal dune vegetation, including the newly described Centaureo cuneifoliae-Verbascion pinnatifidi from the Aegean region. The main factors underlying the differentiation of these alliances were biogeographic and macroclimatic contrasts between the Atlantic–Baltic, Mediterranean and Black Sea regions, along with ecological differences between shifting and stable dunes. The main difference in species composition was between the Atlantic–Baltic and Mediterranean–Black Sea regions. Within the former region, the main difference was driven by the different ecological conditions between shifting and stable dunes, whereas within the latter, the main difference was biogeographic between the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. Conclusions: The first formal classification of the European coastal dune vegetation was established, accompanied by an expert system containing the formal definitions of alliances, which can be applied to new data sets. The new classification system critically revised the previous concepts and integrated them into a consistent framework, which reflects the main gradients in species composition driven by biogeographic influences, macroclimate and the position of the sites in the coast–inland zonation of the dune systems. A revision of the class concept used in EuroVegChecklist is also proposed.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)533-559
Numero di pagine27
RivistaApplied Vegetation Science
Volume21
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2018

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dune
vegetation
expert system
zonation
vegetation classification
TWINSPAN
basin
ordination
floristics
coast
sampling
Black Sea

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cita questo

Guarino, R., Fitzpatrick, Ú., Isermann, M., Rodwell, J. S., Iakushenko, D., Jiménez-Alfaro, B., ... Šilc, U. (2018). Classification of European and Mediterranean coastal dune vegetation. Applied Vegetation Science, 21, 533-559.

Classification of European and Mediterranean coastal dune vegetation. / Guarino, Riccardo; Fitzpatrick, Úna; Isermann, Maike; Rodwell, John S.; Iakushenko, Dmytro; Jiménez-Alfaro, Borja; Marcenò, Corrado; Acosta, Alicia Teresa Rosario; Keizer-Sedláková, Iva; Kolomiychuk, Vitaliy; Tichý, Lubomír; Kącki, Zygmunt; Schaminée, Joop H. J.; Loidi, Javier; Chytrý, Milan; Herrera, Mercedes; Janssen, John A. M.; Tzonev, Rossen T.; Knollová, Ilona; Šilc, Urban.

In: Applied Vegetation Science, Vol. 21, 2018, pag. 533-559.

Risultato della ricerca: Article

Guarino, R, Fitzpatrick, Ú, Isermann, M, Rodwell, JS, Iakushenko, D, Jiménez-Alfaro, B, Marcenò, C, Acosta, ATR, Keizer-Sedláková, I, Kolomiychuk, V, Tichý, L, Kącki, Z, Schaminée, JHJ, Loidi, J, Chytrý, M, Herrera, M, Janssen, JAM, Tzonev, RT, Knollová, I & Šilc, U 2018, 'Classification of European and Mediterranean coastal dune vegetation', Applied Vegetation Science, vol. 21, pagg. 533-559.
Guarino R, Fitzpatrick Ú, Isermann M, Rodwell JS, Iakushenko D, Jiménez-Alfaro B e altri. Classification of European and Mediterranean coastal dune vegetation. Applied Vegetation Science. 2018;21:533-559.
Guarino, Riccardo ; Fitzpatrick, Úna ; Isermann, Maike ; Rodwell, John S. ; Iakushenko, Dmytro ; Jiménez-Alfaro, Borja ; Marcenò, Corrado ; Acosta, Alicia Teresa Rosario ; Keizer-Sedláková, Iva ; Kolomiychuk, Vitaliy ; Tichý, Lubomír ; Kącki, Zygmunt ; Schaminée, Joop H. J. ; Loidi, Javier ; Chytrý, Milan ; Herrera, Mercedes ; Janssen, John A. M. ; Tzonev, Rossen T. ; Knollová, Ilona ; Šilc, Urban. / Classification of European and Mediterranean coastal dune vegetation. In: Applied Vegetation Science. 2018 ; Vol. 21. pagg. 533-559.
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abstract = "Aims: Although many phytosociological studies have provided detailed local and regional descriptions of coastal dune vegetation, a unified classification of this vegetation in Europe and the Mediterranean Basin has been missing. Our aim is to produce a formalized classification of this vegetation and to identify the main factors driving its plant species composition at a continental scale. Location: Atlantic and Baltic coasts of Europe, Mediterranean Basin and the Black Sea region. Methods: We compiled a database of 30,759 plots of coastal vegetation, which were resampled to reduce unbalanced sampling effort, obtaining a data set of 11,769 plots. We classified these plots with TWINSPAN, interpreted the resulting clusters and used them for developing formal definitions of phytosociological alliances of coastal dune vegetation, which were included in an expert system for automatic vegetation classification. We related the alliances to climatic factors and described their biogeographic features and their position in the coastal vegetation zonation. We examined and visualized the floristic relationships among these alliances by means of DCA ordination. Results: We defined 18 alliances of coastal dune vegetation, including the newly described Centaureo cuneifoliae-Verbascion pinnatifidi from the Aegean region. The main factors underlying the differentiation of these alliances were biogeographic and macroclimatic contrasts between the Atlantic–Baltic, Mediterranean and Black Sea regions, along with ecological differences between shifting and stable dunes. The main difference in species composition was between the Atlantic–Baltic and Mediterranean–Black Sea regions. Within the former region, the main difference was driven by the different ecological conditions between shifting and stable dunes, whereas within the latter, the main difference was biogeographic between the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. Conclusions: The first formal classification of the European coastal dune vegetation was established, accompanied by an expert system containing the formal definitions of alliances, which can be applied to new data sets. The new classification system critically revised the previous concepts and integrated them into a consistent framework, which reflects the main gradients in species composition driven by biogeographic influences, macroclimate and the position of the sites in the coast–inland zonation of the dune systems. A revision of the class concept used in EuroVegChecklist is also proposed.",
keywords = "Ammophiletea; biogeography; expert system; Honckenyo-Elymetea; Koelerio-Corynephoretea canescentis; phytosociology; sand dune; vegetation classification; Ecology; Nature and Landscape Conservation; Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law",
author = "Riccardo Guarino and {\'U}na Fitzpatrick and Maike Isermann and Rodwell, {John S.} and Dmytro Iakushenko and Borja Jim{\'e}nez-Alfaro and Corrado Marcen{\`o} and Acosta, {Alicia Teresa Rosario} and Iva Keizer-Sedl{\'a}kov{\'a} and Vitaliy Kolomiychuk and Lubom{\'i}r Tich{\'y} and Zygmunt Kącki and Schamin{\'e}e, {Joop H. J.} and Javier Loidi and Milan Chytr{\'y} and Mercedes Herrera and Janssen, {John A. M.} and Tzonev, {Rossen T.} and Ilona Knollov{\'a} and Urban Šilc",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Classification of European and Mediterranean coastal dune vegetation

AU - Guarino, Riccardo

AU - Fitzpatrick, Úna

AU - Isermann, Maike

AU - Rodwell, John S.

AU - Iakushenko, Dmytro

AU - Jiménez-Alfaro, Borja

AU - Marcenò, Corrado

AU - Acosta, Alicia Teresa Rosario

AU - Keizer-Sedláková, Iva

AU - Kolomiychuk, Vitaliy

AU - Tichý, Lubomír

AU - Kącki, Zygmunt

AU - Schaminée, Joop H. J.

AU - Loidi, Javier

AU - Chytrý, Milan

AU - Herrera, Mercedes

AU - Janssen, John A. M.

AU - Tzonev, Rossen T.

AU - Knollová, Ilona

AU - Šilc, Urban

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Aims: Although many phytosociological studies have provided detailed local and regional descriptions of coastal dune vegetation, a unified classification of this vegetation in Europe and the Mediterranean Basin has been missing. Our aim is to produce a formalized classification of this vegetation and to identify the main factors driving its plant species composition at a continental scale. Location: Atlantic and Baltic coasts of Europe, Mediterranean Basin and the Black Sea region. Methods: We compiled a database of 30,759 plots of coastal vegetation, which were resampled to reduce unbalanced sampling effort, obtaining a data set of 11,769 plots. We classified these plots with TWINSPAN, interpreted the resulting clusters and used them for developing formal definitions of phytosociological alliances of coastal dune vegetation, which were included in an expert system for automatic vegetation classification. We related the alliances to climatic factors and described their biogeographic features and their position in the coastal vegetation zonation. We examined and visualized the floristic relationships among these alliances by means of DCA ordination. Results: We defined 18 alliances of coastal dune vegetation, including the newly described Centaureo cuneifoliae-Verbascion pinnatifidi from the Aegean region. The main factors underlying the differentiation of these alliances were biogeographic and macroclimatic contrasts between the Atlantic–Baltic, Mediterranean and Black Sea regions, along with ecological differences between shifting and stable dunes. The main difference in species composition was between the Atlantic–Baltic and Mediterranean–Black Sea regions. Within the former region, the main difference was driven by the different ecological conditions between shifting and stable dunes, whereas within the latter, the main difference was biogeographic between the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. Conclusions: The first formal classification of the European coastal dune vegetation was established, accompanied by an expert system containing the formal definitions of alliances, which can be applied to new data sets. The new classification system critically revised the previous concepts and integrated them into a consistent framework, which reflects the main gradients in species composition driven by biogeographic influences, macroclimate and the position of the sites in the coast–inland zonation of the dune systems. A revision of the class concept used in EuroVegChecklist is also proposed.

AB - Aims: Although many phytosociological studies have provided detailed local and regional descriptions of coastal dune vegetation, a unified classification of this vegetation in Europe and the Mediterranean Basin has been missing. Our aim is to produce a formalized classification of this vegetation and to identify the main factors driving its plant species composition at a continental scale. Location: Atlantic and Baltic coasts of Europe, Mediterranean Basin and the Black Sea region. Methods: We compiled a database of 30,759 plots of coastal vegetation, which were resampled to reduce unbalanced sampling effort, obtaining a data set of 11,769 plots. We classified these plots with TWINSPAN, interpreted the resulting clusters and used them for developing formal definitions of phytosociological alliances of coastal dune vegetation, which were included in an expert system for automatic vegetation classification. We related the alliances to climatic factors and described their biogeographic features and their position in the coastal vegetation zonation. We examined and visualized the floristic relationships among these alliances by means of DCA ordination. Results: We defined 18 alliances of coastal dune vegetation, including the newly described Centaureo cuneifoliae-Verbascion pinnatifidi from the Aegean region. The main factors underlying the differentiation of these alliances were biogeographic and macroclimatic contrasts between the Atlantic–Baltic, Mediterranean and Black Sea regions, along with ecological differences between shifting and stable dunes. The main difference in species composition was between the Atlantic–Baltic and Mediterranean–Black Sea regions. Within the former region, the main difference was driven by the different ecological conditions between shifting and stable dunes, whereas within the latter, the main difference was biogeographic between the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. Conclusions: The first formal classification of the European coastal dune vegetation was established, accompanied by an expert system containing the formal definitions of alliances, which can be applied to new data sets. The new classification system critically revised the previous concepts and integrated them into a consistent framework, which reflects the main gradients in species composition driven by biogeographic influences, macroclimate and the position of the sites in the coast–inland zonation of the dune systems. A revision of the class concept used in EuroVegChecklist is also proposed.

KW - Ammophiletea; biogeography; expert system; Honckenyo-Elymetea; Koelerio-Corynephoretea canescentis; phytosociology; sand dune; vegetation classification; Ecology; Nature and Landscape Conservation; Management

KW - Monitoring

KW - Policy and Law

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/298999

UR - http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1654-109X

M3 - Article

VL - 21

SP - 533

EP - 559

JO - Applied Vegetation Science

JF - Applied Vegetation Science

SN - 1402-2001

ER -