Ciona robusta hemocyte populational dynamics and PO-dependent cytotoxic activity

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Abstract

Hemocyte populations from the ascidian Ciona robusta, separated through a Percoll discontinuous density gradient, are further characterized by May-Grünwald-Giemsa staining and a cytochemical reaction for phenoloxidase. Variability in cell density, acidophilic property and phenoloxidase activity suggest multiple hemocyte type populations, cell lineages and morphotypes that may be involved in distinct cellular responses. Therefore, unilocular refractile granulocytes, typical of this ascidian species, enriched in a fraction separated from the hemolymph show in vitro phenoloxidase-dependent cytotoxic activity against mammalian erythrocytes and a tumor cell lineage, in addition the properties listed above indicate relationships with vacuolated signet ring cells. Finally, bromo-deoxyuridine with, diamino-phenylindole fluorescent reaction and May-Grünwald-Giemsa staining show that in the hemolymph there are hyaline amoebocytes and granulocytes with potential proliferating activity. Present findings and reviewed images of previously reported inflammatory hemocytes in the tunic and pharynx allow us to speculate on theoretical outlines of hemocyte differentiation pathways.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine11
RivistaDevelopmental and Comparative Immunology
Volume103
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2019

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Hemocytes
Monophenol Monooxygenase
Urochordata
Hemolymph
Cell Lineage
Granulocytes
Staining and Labeling
Deoxyuridine
Hyalin
Pharynx
Population
Cell Count
Erythrocytes
Neoplasms

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title = "Ciona robusta hemocyte populational dynamics and PO-dependent cytotoxic activity",
abstract = "Hemocyte populations from the ascidian Ciona robusta, separated through a Percoll discontinuous density gradient, are further characterized by May-Gr{\"u}nwald-Giemsa staining and a cytochemical reaction for phenoloxidase. Variability in cell density, acidophilic property and phenoloxidase activity suggest multiple hemocyte type populations, cell lineages and morphotypes that may be involved in distinct cellular responses. Therefore, unilocular refractile granulocytes, typical of this ascidian species, enriched in a fraction separated from the hemolymph show in vitro phenoloxidase-dependent cytotoxic activity against mammalian erythrocytes and a tumor cell lineage, in addition the properties listed above indicate relationships with vacuolated signet ring cells. Finally, bromo-deoxyuridine with, diamino-phenylindole fluorescent reaction and May-Gr{\"u}nwald-Giemsa staining show that in the hemolymph there are hyaline amoebocytes and granulocytes with potential proliferating activity. Present findings and reviewed images of previously reported inflammatory hemocytes in the tunic and pharynx allow us to speculate on theoretical outlines of hemocyte differentiation pathways.",
author = "Daniela Parrinello and Matteo Cammarata and Parisi, {Maria Giovanna}",
year = "2019",
language = "English",
volume = "103",
journal = "Developmental and Comparative Immunology",
issn = "0145-305X",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Ciona robusta hemocyte populational dynamics and PO-dependent cytotoxic activity

AU - Parrinello, Daniela

AU - Cammarata, Matteo

AU - Parisi, Maria Giovanna

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Hemocyte populations from the ascidian Ciona robusta, separated through a Percoll discontinuous density gradient, are further characterized by May-Grünwald-Giemsa staining and a cytochemical reaction for phenoloxidase. Variability in cell density, acidophilic property and phenoloxidase activity suggest multiple hemocyte type populations, cell lineages and morphotypes that may be involved in distinct cellular responses. Therefore, unilocular refractile granulocytes, typical of this ascidian species, enriched in a fraction separated from the hemolymph show in vitro phenoloxidase-dependent cytotoxic activity against mammalian erythrocytes and a tumor cell lineage, in addition the properties listed above indicate relationships with vacuolated signet ring cells. Finally, bromo-deoxyuridine with, diamino-phenylindole fluorescent reaction and May-Grünwald-Giemsa staining show that in the hemolymph there are hyaline amoebocytes and granulocytes with potential proliferating activity. Present findings and reviewed images of previously reported inflammatory hemocytes in the tunic and pharynx allow us to speculate on theoretical outlines of hemocyte differentiation pathways.

AB - Hemocyte populations from the ascidian Ciona robusta, separated through a Percoll discontinuous density gradient, are further characterized by May-Grünwald-Giemsa staining and a cytochemical reaction for phenoloxidase. Variability in cell density, acidophilic property and phenoloxidase activity suggest multiple hemocyte type populations, cell lineages and morphotypes that may be involved in distinct cellular responses. Therefore, unilocular refractile granulocytes, typical of this ascidian species, enriched in a fraction separated from the hemolymph show in vitro phenoloxidase-dependent cytotoxic activity against mammalian erythrocytes and a tumor cell lineage, in addition the properties listed above indicate relationships with vacuolated signet ring cells. Finally, bromo-deoxyuridine with, diamino-phenylindole fluorescent reaction and May-Grünwald-Giemsa staining show that in the hemolymph there are hyaline amoebocytes and granulocytes with potential proliferating activity. Present findings and reviewed images of previously reported inflammatory hemocytes in the tunic and pharynx allow us to speculate on theoretical outlines of hemocyte differentiation pathways.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/383837

M3 - Article

VL - 103

JO - Developmental and Comparative Immunology

JF - Developmental and Comparative Immunology

SN - 0145-305X

ER -