Cigarette smoke extracts (CSE) alter TLR4 expression and activation in bronchial epithelial cells. Cilomilast, a phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitor, inhibits cigarette smoke-induced neutrophilia. This study was aimed to explore whether cilomilast, in a human bronchial epithelial cell line (16-HBE), counteracted CSE effects. In particular, TLR4 expression, IP-10 and IL-8 release, lymphocyte and neutrophil chemotactic activity and ERK and IkBa phosphorylation in CSE and LPS-stimulated 16-HBE were assessed. CSE increased TLR4 expression, reduced IP-10 release and lymphocyte chemotactic activity and increased IL-8 release and neutrophil chemotactic activity. Cilomilast reduced TLR4 expression, IL-8 release and neutrophil chemotactic activity as well as it increased IP-10 release and lymphocyte chemotactic activity. All these cilomilast mediated effects were associated with a reduced ERK1/2 and with an increased IkBa phosphorylation. In conclusion, the present study provides compelling evidences that cilomilast may be considered a possible valid therapeutic option in controlling inflammatory processes present in smokers.
|Numero di pagine||7|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2011|
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