Chronic non-cancer pain in primary care: an Italiancross-sectional study

Roberto Latina, Diana Giannarelli, Maria Grazia De Marinis, Irene Terrenato, Roberto Latina, Gianfranco Tarsitani, Rosaria Ferrara, Adriano Rossi, Arianna Camilloni, Daniela D’Angelo, Gianni Carbone, Antonio Romanelli, Paolo Maggiolini, Laura Iacorossi, Antonella Paladini, Giustino Varrassi, Giulio Nati

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

Abstract

Chronic non-cancer pain is a complex health condition that affects more than a quarterof the Italian population who mainly refers to general practitioners and primary carefor their treatment. There are little information on the epidemiological and clinicalcharacteristics and types of treatments for these patients who suffer from chronic pain.The aim of the study was to provide epidemiological and clinical information aboutpatients with chronic non-cancer pain who refers to GPs for their treatment. Anobservational, multicentre, cross-sectional study was carried out using retrospectivelyreviewed clinical records from 29 GPs. Some pharmacoeconomic aspects were alsoinvestigated. A total of 1,007 patients who had chronic pain were selected for the study.Chronic pain was more common in women than in men (ratio 2.7 : 1) (P = 0.002).With regard to incomes, the women earned less than the men (P = 0.017). The chronicpain was musculoskeletal (73.4%), mixed (21.4%), neuropathic (4.9%) and visceral(0.3%). More women than men had pain in two or more sites, and 33.5% of the patientsreported more than one diagnosis that related to chronic pain. The general practitionershad prescribed nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for 71.8% of the cases, opioids for16.9%, adjuvants for 9.0% and acetaminophen for 2.4%, and about pharmacoeconomicaspects, the total cost for the sample was €111,331.42. Primary care is the essentialfrontline for patients who suffer from non-cancer pain. An interdisciplinary assessmentand approach should start in primary care delivery to maximize the clinical outcomes.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)54-62
Numero di pagine9
RivistaSigna Vitae
Volume17
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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