Chemical composition of the essential oil of Centaurea grinensis Reuter and Centaurea apiculata Ledeb: Growing wild in Croatia and Bulgaria, respectively and PCA analysis of subgenus Lopholoma (Cass.) Dobrocz

Maurizio Bruno, Antonella Maria Maggio, Luana Riccobono, Santucci, Bancheva, Felice Senatore, Svetlana Bancheva

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

3 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

In the present study, the chemical composition of the essential oils from aerial parts of Centaurea grinensis Reuter (K) collected at Žuta Lova, near Senj (Croatia), and aerial parts (L1) and flowers (L2) of C. apiculata Ledeb. collected near Rebro village, near Breznik town, Znepole Region (Bulgaria), both belonging to subgenus Lopholoma (Cass.) Dobrocz, was evaluated by GC and GC-MS. The main components of K were 4-vinyl guaiacol (21.5%), hexadecanoic acid (16.2%), acetophenone (12.5%). Caryophyllene oxide (15.8%) together with sphathulenol (14.5%) and humulene epoxide II (9.4%) were recognized as the main constituent of both the aerial part (L1) and flowers (L2) of C. apiculata. Furthermore, a complete review on the composition of the essential oils of all the Centaurea taxa belonging to subgenus Lopholoma studied so far has been inserted and cluster analysis (PCA) was carried out.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1035-1044
Numero di pagine10
RivistaPLANT BIOSYSTEMS
Volume151
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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