The infections caused by Salmonella remain a significant public health problem throughout the world. b-Lactams and fluoroquinolones are generally used to treat invasive Salmonella infections, but emergence and spread of antibiotic-resistant strains are being increasingly notified in many countries. In particular, detection of extended spectrum b-lactamases (ESBLs) in Salmonella spp. is a newly emerging threat worldwide. This study was carriedout to characterize b-lactamase–producing Salmonella strains identified in Tehran, Iran. Over the 2-year period from 2007 to 2008, 6 of 136 Salmonella isolates recovered from pediatrics patients, including three Salmonella enterica serotypes Enteritidis (S. Enteritidis) and three S. Infantis, showed an ESBL-positive phenotype. Polymerasechain reaction and sequencing were used to identify the genetic determinants responsible for ESBL phenotypes. The Salmonella isolates were also compared by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. All ESBL-producing strains, but one, carried the blaCTX-M-15 gene. Moreover, three of four strains that proved to be positive for ablaTEM gene were producing a TEM-1 b-lactamase. Two strains of S. Infantis tested positive for a previously unidentified CTX-M and TEM ESBL, respectively. All ESBL-producing strains carried the insertion sequence ISEcp1 gene. Except for one strain of serotype Infantis, all strains were able to transfer the ESBL determinants byconjugation. Distinct, but closely related, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis patterns were observed among the strains belonging to both serotypes. This study reports for the first time the emergence and characterization of ESBL-producing S. Enteritidis and Infantis strains in Iran.
|Numero di pagine||5|
|Rivista||Foodborne Pathogens and Disease|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2010|
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