Changes in life expectancy for cancer patients over time since diagnosis

Walter Mazzucco, Gatta, Giuseppa Candela, Claudia Casella, Flavio Sensi, Laura Botta, Antonella Sutera Sardo, Carlotta Buzzoni, Gola, Chiara Panato, Anna Luisa Caiazzo, Bianca Caruso, Federica Toffolutti, Stefano Ferretti, Mangone, Stefano Guzzinati, Annalisa Trama, Silvia Iacovacci, Giovanna Tagliabue, Massimo RuggeLuigino Dal Maso, Riccardo Capocaccia, Rosario Tumino, Roberta De Angelis, Ricci, Antonio Giampiero Russo, Michiara

Risultato della ricerca: Article

Abstract

The aims of this study were to provide life expectancy (LE) estimates of cancer patients at diagnosis and LE changes over time since diagnosis to describe the impact of cancer during patients' entire lives. Cancer patients' LE was calculated by standard period life table methodology using the relative survival of Italian patients diagnosed in population-based cancer registries in 1985-2011 with follow-up to 2013. Data were smoothed using a polynomial model and years of life lost (YLL) were calculated as the difference between patients' LE and that of the age- and sex-matched general population. The YLL at diagnosis was highest at the youngest age at diagnosis, steadily decreasing thereafter. For patients diagnosed at age 45 years, the YLL was above 20 for lung and ovarian cancers and below 6 for thyroid cancer in women and melanoma in men. LE progressively increased in patients surviving the first years, decreasing thereafter, to approach that of the general population. YLL in the long run mainly depends on attained age. Providing quantitative data is essential to better define clinical follow-up and plan health care resource allocation. These results help assess when the excess risk of death from tumour becomes negligible in cancer survivors.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine15
RivistaJournal of Advanced Research
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2019

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Life Expectancy
Neoplasms
Population
Life Tables
Resource Allocation
Health Resources
Statistical Models
Thyroid Neoplasms
Ovarian Neoplasms
Survivors
Registries
Melanoma
Lung Neoplasms
Delivery of Health Care
Survival

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

Cita questo

Mazzucco, W., Gatta, Candela, G., Casella, C., Sensi, F., Botta, L., ... Michiara (2019). Changes in life expectancy for cancer patients over time since diagnosis. Journal of Advanced Research.

Changes in life expectancy for cancer patients over time since diagnosis. / Mazzucco, Walter; Gatta; Candela, Giuseppa; Casella, Claudia; Sensi, Flavio; Botta, Laura; Sardo, Antonella Sutera; Buzzoni, Carlotta; Gola; Panato, Chiara; Caiazzo, Anna Luisa; Caruso, Bianca; Toffolutti, Federica; Ferretti, Stefano; Mangone; Guzzinati, Stefano; Trama, Annalisa; Iacovacci, Silvia; Tagliabue, Giovanna; Rugge, Massimo; Dal Maso, Luigino; Capocaccia, Riccardo; Tumino, Rosario; De Angelis, Roberta; Ricci; Russo, Antonio Giampiero; Michiara.

In: Journal of Advanced Research, 2019.

Risultato della ricerca: Article

Mazzucco, W, Gatta, Candela, G, Casella, C, Sensi, F, Botta, L, Sardo, AS, Buzzoni, C, Gola, Panato, C, Caiazzo, AL, Caruso, B, Toffolutti, F, Ferretti, S, Mangone, Guzzinati, S, Trama, A, Iacovacci, S, Tagliabue, G, Rugge, M, Dal Maso, L, Capocaccia, R, Tumino, R, De Angelis, R, Ricci, Russo, AG & Michiara 2019, 'Changes in life expectancy for cancer patients over time since diagnosis', Journal of Advanced Research.
Mazzucco, Walter ; Gatta ; Candela, Giuseppa ; Casella, Claudia ; Sensi, Flavio ; Botta, Laura ; Sardo, Antonella Sutera ; Buzzoni, Carlotta ; Gola ; Panato, Chiara ; Caiazzo, Anna Luisa ; Caruso, Bianca ; Toffolutti, Federica ; Ferretti, Stefano ; Mangone ; Guzzinati, Stefano ; Trama, Annalisa ; Iacovacci, Silvia ; Tagliabue, Giovanna ; Rugge, Massimo ; Dal Maso, Luigino ; Capocaccia, Riccardo ; Tumino, Rosario ; De Angelis, Roberta ; Ricci ; Russo, Antonio Giampiero ; Michiara. / Changes in life expectancy for cancer patients over time since diagnosis. In: Journal of Advanced Research. 2019.
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title = "Changes in life expectancy for cancer patients over time since diagnosis",
abstract = "The aims of this study were to provide life expectancy (LE) estimates of cancer patients at diagnosis and LE changes over time since diagnosis to describe the impact of cancer during patients' entire lives. Cancer patients' LE was calculated by standard period life table methodology using the relative survival of Italian patients diagnosed in population-based cancer registries in 1985-2011 with follow-up to 2013. Data were smoothed using a polynomial model and years of life lost (YLL) were calculated as the difference between patients' LE and that of the age- and sex-matched general population. The YLL at diagnosis was highest at the youngest age at diagnosis, steadily decreasing thereafter. For patients diagnosed at age 45 years, the YLL was above 20 for lung and ovarian cancers and below 6 for thyroid cancer in women and melanoma in men. LE progressively increased in patients surviving the first years, decreasing thereafter, to approach that of the general population. YLL in the long run mainly depends on attained age. Providing quantitative data is essential to better define clinical follow-up and plan health care resource allocation. These results help assess when the excess risk of death from tumour becomes negligible in cancer survivors.",
author = "Walter Mazzucco and Gatta and Giuseppa Candela and Claudia Casella and Flavio Sensi and Laura Botta and Sardo, {Antonella Sutera} and Carlotta Buzzoni and Gola and Chiara Panato and Caiazzo, {Anna Luisa} and Bianca Caruso and Federica Toffolutti and Stefano Ferretti and Mangone and Stefano Guzzinati and Annalisa Trama and Silvia Iacovacci and Giovanna Tagliabue and Massimo Rugge and {Dal Maso}, Luigino and Riccardo Capocaccia and Rosario Tumino and {De Angelis}, Roberta and Ricci and Russo, {Antonio Giampiero} and Michiara",
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T1 - Changes in life expectancy for cancer patients over time since diagnosis

AU - Mazzucco, Walter

AU - Gatta, null

AU - Candela, Giuseppa

AU - Casella, Claudia

AU - Sensi, Flavio

AU - Botta, Laura

AU - Sardo, Antonella Sutera

AU - Buzzoni, Carlotta

AU - Gola, null

AU - Panato, Chiara

AU - Caiazzo, Anna Luisa

AU - Caruso, Bianca

AU - Toffolutti, Federica

AU - Ferretti, Stefano

AU - Mangone, null

AU - Guzzinati, Stefano

AU - Trama, Annalisa

AU - Iacovacci, Silvia

AU - Tagliabue, Giovanna

AU - Rugge, Massimo

AU - Dal Maso, Luigino

AU - Capocaccia, Riccardo

AU - Tumino, Rosario

AU - De Angelis, Roberta

AU - Ricci, null

AU - Russo, Antonio Giampiero

AU - Michiara, null

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - The aims of this study were to provide life expectancy (LE) estimates of cancer patients at diagnosis and LE changes over time since diagnosis to describe the impact of cancer during patients' entire lives. Cancer patients' LE was calculated by standard period life table methodology using the relative survival of Italian patients diagnosed in population-based cancer registries in 1985-2011 with follow-up to 2013. Data were smoothed using a polynomial model and years of life lost (YLL) were calculated as the difference between patients' LE and that of the age- and sex-matched general population. The YLL at diagnosis was highest at the youngest age at diagnosis, steadily decreasing thereafter. For patients diagnosed at age 45 years, the YLL was above 20 for lung and ovarian cancers and below 6 for thyroid cancer in women and melanoma in men. LE progressively increased in patients surviving the first years, decreasing thereafter, to approach that of the general population. YLL in the long run mainly depends on attained age. Providing quantitative data is essential to better define clinical follow-up and plan health care resource allocation. These results help assess when the excess risk of death from tumour becomes negligible in cancer survivors.

AB - The aims of this study were to provide life expectancy (LE) estimates of cancer patients at diagnosis and LE changes over time since diagnosis to describe the impact of cancer during patients' entire lives. Cancer patients' LE was calculated by standard period life table methodology using the relative survival of Italian patients diagnosed in population-based cancer registries in 1985-2011 with follow-up to 2013. Data were smoothed using a polynomial model and years of life lost (YLL) were calculated as the difference between patients' LE and that of the age- and sex-matched general population. The YLL at diagnosis was highest at the youngest age at diagnosis, steadily decreasing thereafter. For patients diagnosed at age 45 years, the YLL was above 20 for lung and ovarian cancers and below 6 for thyroid cancer in women and melanoma in men. LE progressively increased in patients surviving the first years, decreasing thereafter, to approach that of the general population. YLL in the long run mainly depends on attained age. Providing quantitative data is essential to better define clinical follow-up and plan health care resource allocation. These results help assess when the excess risk of death from tumour becomes negligible in cancer survivors.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/366984

M3 - Article

JO - Journal of Advanced Research

JF - Journal of Advanced Research

SN - 2090-1232

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