Chamazulene-Rich Artemisia arborescens Essential Oils Affect the Cell Growth of Human Melanoma Cells

Maurizio Bruno, Rosanna Avola, Daniela Rigano, Venera Cardile, Alessandra Russo

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12 Citazioni (Scopus)


Artemisia arborescens is an aromatic shrub whose essential oils are considered a potentialsource of molecules with industrial and pharmaceutical interest. The chemical profile of A. arborescensessential oils (EOs) was shown to be quite variable and various chemotypes have been identified.In this study, we compared the EOs composition of A. arborescens leaves and flowers collected fromfour dierent locations in Sicily. The EOs were assayed for their antiproliferative activity againstA375 human malignant melanoma cells, also testing cell viability and cell membrane integrity.The evaluation of DNA fragmentation and caspase-3 activity assay was employed for the detection ofapoptosis. The expression of Bcl-2, Bax, cleaved caspase-9, PTEN (Phosphatase and tensin homolog),Hsp70 (Heat Shock Protein 70 kilodaltons) and SOD (superoxide dismutase) proteins was evaluatedby Western blot analysis. The levels of ROS and GSH were also analyzed. Results show that EOspresented significant dierences in their composition, yield, and cytotoxic activity depending on thecollection site. The chamazulene/camphor-rich EOs from plants collected in Acqua Calda (Lipari)resulted particularly active on melanoma cancer cells (IC50 values of 6.7 and 4.5 g/mL), being able totrigger apoptotic death probably interfering with endogenous defense mechanisms. These oils maybe considered as a natural resource of chamazulene, containing this compound up to 63%.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-19
Numero di pagine19
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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  • ???subjectarea.asjc.2300.2303???
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