The interest towards the use of membrane distillation (MD) processes for seawater desalinationhas been rising recently due to the ease of coupling MD with waste and/or solar thermal energy.Notwithstanding the flexibility of the process and its potential for further developments in membrane performances, one of the main drawbacks is the thermal efficiency reduction caused by temperaturepolarization. Because of such phenomenon, only a small amount of the driving forcepotentially available for the separation process, i.e. the temperature difference between evaporating and condensing fluids, is actually used for the separation. In order to reduce temperaturepolarization a study on the effects of spacer and channel geometry has been performed using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) techniques. A simple reference geometry has been built to simulate the flow and temperature fields of a portion of a spiral wound MD module channel. Resultsshow how spacers can significantly affect temperature gradients within the channel, therefore modifying the effective driving force between the faces of the membrane. The main features,which an optimal spacer should possess, have been thus indicated.
|Numero di pagine||7|
|Rivista||Desalination and Water Treatment|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2009|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Water Science and Technology
- Ocean Engineering