Solid-liquid mixing within tanks agitated by stirrers can be easily encountered in many industrial processes. It is common to find an industrial tank operating at an impeller speed N lower than the minimum agitation speed for the suspension of solid particles: under such conditions the distribution of solid-particles is very far from being homogeneous and very significant concentration gradients exist. The present work evaluates the capability of a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model to reliably predict the particle distribution throughout the tank under either partial or complete suspension conditions. A flat bottomed baffled tank stirred by a Rushton turbine was investigated. Both transient and steady state RANS simulations of the stirred tank were performed with the commercial code CFX4.4. The Eulerian-Eulerian Multi Fluid Model along with the k-ε turbulence model was adopted. Either the Sliding Grid or the Multiple Reference Frame technique was employed to simulate the impeller to baffle relative rotation. Inter-phase momentum exchange terms were approximated only by the inter-phase drag forces. Literature experimental data were used for the model validation.Results show that the model along with the Sliding Grid technique can reliably predict the experimental particle distribution at all investigated impeller speeds. Radial gradients of solids concentration, usually neglected in the literature, where found to be significant in the presence of unsuspended solid particles (partial suspension conditions).
|Numero di pagine||6|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2013|
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