Background: Cement augmentation of internal fixation of hip fracture has reported to improve fracture stability in osteoporotic hip fractures, reducing the risk of cut-out of the sliding screw through the femoral head. The purpose of present study was to perform a systematic literature review on the effects of augmentation technique in patients with osteoporotic hip fractures. Material and methods: A comprehensive literature search was systematically performed to evaluate all papers published in English language included in the literature between January 2010 and July 2020, according to the PRISMA 2009 guidelines. In vivo and in vitro studies, case reports, review articles, cadaveric studies, biomechanical studies, histological studies, oncological studies, technical notes, studies dealing with radiological classifications and studies on revision surgery were excluded. Results: A total of 5 studies involving 301 patients were included. Patients had a mean age of 84.6 years and were followed up for a mean period of 11 months. The proximal femoral fractures were stabilized with implantation of the PFNA or Gamma nail and augmentation was performed with two different cements: polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) in 4 studies and calcium phosphate (CP) in one study. Overall, 57.5% of patients reached the same or greater preoperative mobility, and postoperative Parker Mobility Score and Harris Hip Score were acceptable. No significantly complications were observed, and no additional surgery related to the implant was required. Conclusion: The results of this systematic review show that cement augmentation is a safe and effectiveness method of fixation to treat trochanteric fractures.
|Numero di pagine||6|
|Rivista||Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2020|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes