Cell cooperation in coelomocyte cytotoxic activity of Paracentrotus lividus coelomocytes

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Abstract

The coelomic fluid from the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus contains several coelomocyte types including amoebocytes and uncolouredspherulocytes involved in immune defences. In the present paper, we show a Ca2+-dependent cytotoxic activity for the unfractionatedcoelomocytes assayed in vitro, with rabbit erythrocytes and the K562 tumour cell line. In a plaque-forming assay, whole coelomocyte preparationsas well as density gradient separated coelomocyte populations revealed that cell populations enriched in uncoloured spherulocytes, exerted highcytotoxic activity by releasing lysins in the presence of amoebocytes. This cooperative effect could be dependent on soluble factors released byamoebocytes. With regard to this, we show that an enhanced cytotoxic activity was found by adding the supernatant from sonicated amoebocytesor hemocyte culture medium into spherulocyte preparations.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)389-394
Numero di pagine6
RivistaCOMPARATIVE BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY. PART A, MOLECULAR & INTEGRATIVE PHYSIOLOGY
Volume147
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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  • ???subjectarea.asjc.1300.1314???
  • ???subjectarea.asjc.1300.1312???

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