AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of carotid atherosclerosis and endothelial dysfunction in 45 young patients (38 mens and 7 females) with myocardial infarction (MI), age 29-45, mean age 42+/-3 years, to verify its possible role as a marker of coronary atherosclerosis.METHODS: Vascular echography was performed to verify the presence of carotid atherosclerosis and/or endothelial dysfunction in 45 young patients with MI and in 45 healthy control subjects well matched for age and sex.RESULTS: We observed a normal intima media thickness (IMT) only in 30% of patients with juvenile myocardial infarction (JMI) compared with 66% in the control group (P<0.0001) and 34% of patients showed an increased IMT compared with 24% of healthy subjects (P<0.0001). Compared with control subjects, patients with JMI had lower flow-mediated reactivity of the brachial arteries (P<0.05). There was a negative linear relationship between flow-mediated dilation and IMT (P<0.001). The severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) was correlated with increased IMT and with a lower flow-mediated dilation. Finally, multiple regression analysis, demonstrated that both brachial-artery reactivity and carotid IMT were significantly and independently correlated with severity of CAD.CONCLUSIONS: Structural (carotid atherosclerosis) and functional changes (endothelial dysfunction) were present at an early age in the arteries of persons with history of JMI.
|Numero di pagine||7|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2009|