Can We Define the Risk of Lymph Node Metastasis in Early-Stage Cervical Cancer Patients? A Large-Scale, Retrospective Study

Vito Chiantera, Carolina Bottoni, Luigi Pedone Anchora, Vito Chiantera, Pierandrea De Iaco, Enrico Vizza, Alfredo Ercoli, Francesco Fanfani, Anna Fagotti, Gabriella Ferrandina, Giovanni Scambia, Giacomo Corrado, Valerio Gallotta

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Abstract

Background: Sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy has emerged as one of the most appreciated techniques for reducing the rate of complete lymph node dissection (LND) performed in patients with early-stage cervical cancer (ECC). However, its performances are still a matter of debate and, to improve them, international guidelines recommend performing at least unilateral LND in case of SLN mapping. In a prior study, we identified a group of patients without evidence of lymph node metastasis (LNM). Our objective is to define a precise risk of LNM for each ECC patient in order to significantly tailor surgery for ECC. Methods: Clinical and pathological data of ECC patients were retrospectively collected by eight Italian institutions. Chi-square test or Fisher’s exact test along with logistic regression analysis was used to determine the association of each variable between patients with or without LNM. Results of logistic regression have been used as a basis to calculate the probability to harboring LNM. Results: A total of 463 ECC patients were identified. No LNM was detected among the 161 (34.8%) patients who met the criteria and were defined as Very Low Risk. In the other 302 patients, the precise risk of LNM was calculated, and it was <1% in 31 (10.3%) patients. Conclusions: Defining the precise risk of LNM could lead to proper selection of patients in whom any lymph nodal procedure, including SLN, could be avoided.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine8
RivistaAnnals of Surgical Oncology
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2017

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Oncology

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Chiantera, V., Bottoni, C., Pedone Anchora, L., Chiantera, V., De Iaco, P., Vizza, E., Ercoli, A., Fanfani, F., Fagotti, A., Ferrandina, G., Scambia, G., Corrado, G., & Gallotta, V. (2017). Can We Define the Risk of Lymph Node Metastasis in Early-Stage Cervical Cancer Patients? A Large-Scale, Retrospective Study. Annals of Surgical Oncology.