7 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Adenine-based purines play a pivotal role in the control of gastrointestinal motility in rodents. Recently, guanine-based purines have been also shown to exert extracellular effects in the central nervous system raising the possibility of the existence of distinct receptors for guanine-based purines. Thus, it seems likely to speculate that also guanine-based purines may play a role in the modulation of the intestinal contractility. Spontaneous and neurally-evoked mechanical activity was recorded in vitro as changes in isometric tension in circular muscle strips from mouse distal colon. Guanosine up to 3mM or guanine up to 1mM failed to affect the spontaneous mechanical activity, but reduced the amplitude of the electrical field stimulation (EFS)-induced cholinergic contractions, without affecting the early nitrergic relaxation. Both compounds failed to affect the direct contractile responses evoked by carbachol. No desensitization of the response was observed. Guanine-based purine effects were not altered by theophylline, P1 purinoceptor antagonist, by PPADS or suramin, P2 purinoceptor antagonists, by ODQ, guanilyl cyclase inhibitor, or by DDA, adenylyl cyclase inhibitor. Nucleoside uptake inhibitors, dipyridamole or 6-[(4-Nitrobenzyl)thio]-9-β-D-ribofuranosylpurine (NBTI), antagonized the inhibitory effects induced by guanosine without interfering with guanine. On the contrary, adenine, a competitive inhibitor of nucleobase uptake, antagonized guanine-induced effects. In conclusion, our data indicate that guanosine and guanine are able to modulate negatively the excitatory cholinergic neurotransmission in the circular muscle layer of mouse colon. Guanine-based purines appear to interfere with prejunctional acethylcoline release. Their effects are dependent by their cellular uptake, and independent by adenine-based purine receptors
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)350-355
Numero di pagine6
RivistaEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume650
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2011

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Purines
Gastrointestinal Motility
Guanine
Rodentia
Guanosine
Adenine
Cholinergic Agents
Purinergic P2 Receptor Antagonists
Colon
Purinergic P1 Receptor Antagonists
Purinergic Receptors
Suramin
Muscles
Dipyridamole
Carbachol
Theophylline
Nucleosides
Synaptic Transmission
Electric Stimulation
Central Nervous System

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology

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title = "Can guanine-based purines be considered modulators of intestinal motility in rodents?",
abstract = "Adenine-based purines play a pivotal role in the control of gastrointestinal motility in rodents. Recently, guanine-based purines have been also shown to exert extracellular effects in the central nervous system raising the possibility of the existence of distinct receptors for guanine-based purines. Thus, it seems likely to speculate that also guanine-based purines may play a role in the modulation of the intestinal contractility. Spontaneous and neurally-evoked mechanical activity was recorded in vitro as changes in isometric tension in circular muscle strips from mouse distal colon. Guanosine up to 3mM or guanine up to 1mM failed to affect the spontaneous mechanical activity, but reduced the amplitude of the electrical field stimulation (EFS)-induced cholinergic contractions, without affecting the early nitrergic relaxation. Both compounds failed to affect the direct contractile responses evoked by carbachol. No desensitization of the response was observed. Guanine-based purine effects were not altered by theophylline, P1 purinoceptor antagonist, by PPADS or suramin, P2 purinoceptor antagonists, by ODQ, guanilyl cyclase inhibitor, or by DDA, adenylyl cyclase inhibitor. Nucleoside uptake inhibitors, dipyridamole or 6-[(4-Nitrobenzyl)thio]-9-β-D-ribofuranosylpurine (NBTI), antagonized the inhibitory effects induced by guanosine without interfering with guanine. On the contrary, adenine, a competitive inhibitor of nucleobase uptake, antagonized guanine-induced effects. In conclusion, our data indicate that guanosine and guanine are able to modulate negatively the excitatory cholinergic neurotransmission in the circular muscle layer of mouse colon. Guanine-based purines appear to interfere with prejunctional acethylcoline release. Their effects are dependent by their cellular uptake, and independent by adenine-based purine receptors",
author = "Zizzo, {Maria Grazia} and Flavia Mule' and Natale Belluardo and Mariangela Mastropaolo and Serio, {Rosa Maria} and Condorelli, {Daniele F.}",
year = "2011",
language = "English",
volume = "650",
pages = "350--355",
journal = "European Journal of Pharmacology",
issn = "0014-2999",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Can guanine-based purines be considered modulators of intestinal motility in rodents?

AU - Zizzo, Maria Grazia

AU - Mule', Flavia

AU - Belluardo, Natale

AU - Mastropaolo, Mariangela

AU - Serio, Rosa Maria

AU - Condorelli, Daniele F.

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Adenine-based purines play a pivotal role in the control of gastrointestinal motility in rodents. Recently, guanine-based purines have been also shown to exert extracellular effects in the central nervous system raising the possibility of the existence of distinct receptors for guanine-based purines. Thus, it seems likely to speculate that also guanine-based purines may play a role in the modulation of the intestinal contractility. Spontaneous and neurally-evoked mechanical activity was recorded in vitro as changes in isometric tension in circular muscle strips from mouse distal colon. Guanosine up to 3mM or guanine up to 1mM failed to affect the spontaneous mechanical activity, but reduced the amplitude of the electrical field stimulation (EFS)-induced cholinergic contractions, without affecting the early nitrergic relaxation. Both compounds failed to affect the direct contractile responses evoked by carbachol. No desensitization of the response was observed. Guanine-based purine effects were not altered by theophylline, P1 purinoceptor antagonist, by PPADS or suramin, P2 purinoceptor antagonists, by ODQ, guanilyl cyclase inhibitor, or by DDA, adenylyl cyclase inhibitor. Nucleoside uptake inhibitors, dipyridamole or 6-[(4-Nitrobenzyl)thio]-9-β-D-ribofuranosylpurine (NBTI), antagonized the inhibitory effects induced by guanosine without interfering with guanine. On the contrary, adenine, a competitive inhibitor of nucleobase uptake, antagonized guanine-induced effects. In conclusion, our data indicate that guanosine and guanine are able to modulate negatively the excitatory cholinergic neurotransmission in the circular muscle layer of mouse colon. Guanine-based purines appear to interfere with prejunctional acethylcoline release. Their effects are dependent by their cellular uptake, and independent by adenine-based purine receptors

AB - Adenine-based purines play a pivotal role in the control of gastrointestinal motility in rodents. Recently, guanine-based purines have been also shown to exert extracellular effects in the central nervous system raising the possibility of the existence of distinct receptors for guanine-based purines. Thus, it seems likely to speculate that also guanine-based purines may play a role in the modulation of the intestinal contractility. Spontaneous and neurally-evoked mechanical activity was recorded in vitro as changes in isometric tension in circular muscle strips from mouse distal colon. Guanosine up to 3mM or guanine up to 1mM failed to affect the spontaneous mechanical activity, but reduced the amplitude of the electrical field stimulation (EFS)-induced cholinergic contractions, without affecting the early nitrergic relaxation. Both compounds failed to affect the direct contractile responses evoked by carbachol. No desensitization of the response was observed. Guanine-based purine effects were not altered by theophylline, P1 purinoceptor antagonist, by PPADS or suramin, P2 purinoceptor antagonists, by ODQ, guanilyl cyclase inhibitor, or by DDA, adenylyl cyclase inhibitor. Nucleoside uptake inhibitors, dipyridamole or 6-[(4-Nitrobenzyl)thio]-9-β-D-ribofuranosylpurine (NBTI), antagonized the inhibitory effects induced by guanosine without interfering with guanine. On the contrary, adenine, a competitive inhibitor of nucleobase uptake, antagonized guanine-induced effects. In conclusion, our data indicate that guanosine and guanine are able to modulate negatively the excitatory cholinergic neurotransmission in the circular muscle layer of mouse colon. Guanine-based purines appear to interfere with prejunctional acethylcoline release. Their effects are dependent by their cellular uptake, and independent by adenine-based purine receptors

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/52348

M3 - Article

VL - 650

SP - 350

EP - 355

JO - European Journal of Pharmacology

JF - European Journal of Pharmacology

SN - 0014-2999

ER -